JACEN  Vol.9 No.2 , May 2020
Profitability Analysis of Small Scale Irrigation Technology Adoption to Farmers in Nasho Sector, Rwanda
Abstract: The study aims to assess the effect of small scale irrigation adoption to farmers in Nasho sector, Kirehe District in Rwanda. The average yield was 12,309.73 Kg/2.62 ha or 4698.73 Kg/ha for adopters with the mean difference between adopters and non adopters ranged from 2819.63 Kg to 4766.59 Kg per unit area of production. For food security status, the average mean quantity of maize consumed at home level was 615.54 Kg with the mean difference ranged from 377.29 Kg to 474.68 Kg. For market participation, the average treatment effect of the treated (ATT) of quantity of maize sold was 11,694.24 Kg while the mean difference ranged from 7165.98 Kg to 9015.60 Kg. The Average Treatment Effect of the Treated market price was 213 Frws/Kg while the mean difference ranged from 44.51 Frws/Kg to 48.3053 Frws/Kg. The Average Treatment Effect of the Treated of farmer’s revenues for the users was 938,772 Frws/ha, however, the mean difference between adopters and non adopters ranged from 1,732,942 Frws to 2,007,039 Frws. The Average Treatment Effect of the Treated of farmer’s net farm income was 1,066,393 Frws while mean difference between users and non users ranged from 803,967 Frws to 854,141 Frws. For profitability analysis, the cost benefit ratio (CBR) was taken into account. The total benefit per unit area was 2,434,509 Frws and total average mean cost of 1,382,313 Frws and CBR = 1.761 > 1. The findings of this study will help the policy makers for deeper sector planning and also, it will facilitate other stakeholders to invest in irrigation technology to improve the livelihoods of Rwandan farmers and other surroundings.
Cite this paper: Habineza, E. , Nsengiyumva, J. , Ruzigamanzi, E. , Nsanzumukiza, M. (2020) Profitability Analysis of Small Scale Irrigation Technology Adoption to Farmers in Nasho Sector, Rwanda. Journal of Agricultural Chemistry and Environment, 9, 73-84. doi: 10.4236/jacen.2020.92007.

[1]   Smith, L.E. (2004) Assessment of the Contribution of Irrigation to Poverty Reduction and Sustainable Livelihoods. International Journal of Water Resources Development, 20, 243-257.

[2]   Tucker, J. and Yirgu, L. (2011) Water in Food Security Assessment and Drought Early Warning.

[3]   Hussain, I. and Hanjra, M.A. (2004) Irrigation and Poverty Alleviation: Review of the Empirical Evidence. Irrigation and Drainage, 53, 1-15.

[4]   Foster, S., et al. (2000) Groundwater in Rural Development: Facing the Challenges of Supply and Resource Sustainability. The World Bank.

[5]   Dixon, J.A., et al. (2013) Economic Analysis of the Environmental Impacts of Development Projects. Routledge, London.

[6]   Giné, R. and Pérez-Foguet, A. (2008) Sustainability Assessment of National Rural Water Supply Program in Tanzania. Natural Resources Forum, 327-342.

[7]   FAO (2016) Agriculture Organization, 2014. Livestock Primary. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

[8]   Maddison, A. (2013) Economic Progress and Policy in Developing Countries. Routledge, London.

[9]   NISR (2016) Poverty Trend Analysis Report 2010/11-2013/14. National Institute of Statistics of Rwanda Kigali.

[10]   Huggins, C.D. (2014) ‘Control Grabbing’ and Small-Scale Agricultural Intensification: Emerging Patterns of State-Facilitated ‘Agricultural Investment’ in Rwanda. Journal of Peasant Studies, 41, 365-384.

[11]   Ryan, T.P. (2013) Sample Size Determination and Power. John Wiley & Sons, New York.

[12]   Addis, F., et al. (2016) Impacts of Smallholder Tree Plantation in Amhara Region of Ethiopia: The Case of Lay Gayint and Fagta Locuma Districts. Ethiopian Journal of Economics, 25, 35-58.

[13]   Gebremariam, T. (2016) Adoption and Impact of Micro Irrigation on Households Income: The Case of Bambasi Woreda.

[14]   Tesfaye, A., et al. (2008) The Impact of Small-Scale Irrigation on Household Food Security: The Case of Filtino and Godino Irrigation Schemes in Ethiopia. Irrigation and Drainage Systems, 22, 145-158.

[15]   Becker, S.O., et al. (2010) Youth Emancipation and Perceived Job Insecurity of Parents and Children. Journal of Population Economics, 23, 1047-1071.