Back
 GEP  Vol.8 No.4 , April 2020
Contribution of Former Poachers for Wildlife Conservation in Rwanda Volcanoes National Park
Abstract: This study assessed the contribution of former poachers to wildlife conservation in Volcanoes National Park, the main causes of poaching activities in Volcanoes National Park. The results indicated that the main causes of poaching and other illegal activities are associated with poverty, ignorance and culture and commercial purposes. The results further illustrated that poaching cases decreased in the Volcanoes National Park where, from 2018, the snares removed from the park reduced from above 1000 to 600 snares. In the same year, only 3 poachers from Kinigi and Shingiro Sectors were arrested. The findings illustrated that introducing of revenue sharing scheme where, 10% of the park’s revenues are shared to the local communities living adjacent to the park, and constructing a buffalo wall stone around the Volcanoes National Park are of the important measures which contributed to solve completely the problems of poaching and human-wildlife conflicts in the volcanic area. However, some respondents reported that the construction of buffalo wall did not prevent animal from escaping the park, they have proposed the construction of strong fence such as electrically fenced wall.
Cite this paper: Uwayo, P. , Nsanzumukiza, V. , Maniragaba, A. , Nsabimana, A. and Akimanizanye, V. (2020) Contribution of Former Poachers for Wildlife Conservation in Rwanda Volcanoes National Park. Journal of Geoscience and Environment Protection, 8, 47-56. doi: 10.4236/gep.2020.84004.
References

[1]   Archabald, K., & Naughton-Treves, L. (2001). Tourism Revenue-Sharing around National Parks in Western Uganda: Early Efforts to Identify and Reward Local Communities. Environmental Conservation, 28, 135-149.
https://doi.org/10.1017/S0376892901000145

[2]   Bariyanga, J. D., Wronski, T., Plath, M., & Apio, A. (2016). Effectiveness of Electro-Fencing for Restricting the Ranging Behaviour of Wildlife: A Case Study in the Degazetted Parts of Akagera National Park. African Zoology, 51, 183-191.
https://doi.org/10.1080/15627020.2016.1249954

[3]   Beck, J. M., Lopez, M. C., Mudumba, T., & Montgomery, R. A. (2019). Improving Human-Lion Conflict Research through Interdisciplinarity. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution, 7, 243. https://doi.org/10.3389/fevo.2019.00243

[4]   Collins, C., & Kays, R. (2011). Causes of Mortality in North American Populations of Large and Medium-Sized Mammals. Animal Conservation, 14, 474-483.
https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-1795.2011.00458.x

[5]   Imanishimwe, A., Niyonzima, T., & Nsabimana, D. (2018). Contribution of Community Conservation and Ecotourism Projects on Improving Livelihoods and Sustainable Biodiversity Conservation in and around Nyungwe National Park (NNP). Journal of Tourism & Hospitality, 7, 363.
https://doi.org/10.4172/2167-0269.1000363

[6]   Jones, J. A., Creed, I. F., Hatcher, K. L., Warren, R. J., Adams, M. B., Benson, M. H., Boose, E., Brown, W. A., Campbell, J. L., & Covich, A. (2012). Ecosystem Processes and Human Influences Regulate Streamflow Response to Climate Change at Long-Term Ecological Research Sites. BioScience, 62, 390-404.
https://doi.org/10.1525/bio.2012.62.4.10

[7]   Kagarama, J., Bizoza, A., & Kayigamba, C. (2012). Assessment of Performance of the Revenue Sharing Implementation during 2005-2010. Kigali: Rwanda Development Board.

[8]   Knapp, E. J., Peace, N., & Bechtel, L. (2017). Poachers and Poverty: Assessing Objective and Subjective Measures of Poverty among Illegal Hunters outside Ruaha National Park, Tanzania. Conservation and Society, 15, 24-32.
https://doi.org/10.4103/0972-4923.201393

[9]   Lewis, J. S., Logan, K. A., Alldredge, M. W., Carver, S., Bevins, S. N., Lappin, M., VandeWoude, S., & Crooks, K. R. (2017). The Effects of Demographic, Social, and Environmental Characteristics on Pathogen Prevalence in Wild Felids across a Gradient of Urbanization. PLoS ONE, 12, e0187035.
https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0187035

[10]   Maingi, J. K., Mukeka, J. M., Kyale, D. M., & Muasya, R. M. (2012). Spatiotemporal Patterns of Elephant Poaching in South-Eastern Kenya. Wildlife Research, 39, 234-249.
https://doi.org/10.1071/WR11017

[11]   Matinca, A. (2018). Human-Wildlife Conflict in Northeastern Namibia. CITES, Elephant Conservation and Local Livelihoods, Universität zu Köln.

[12]   Mentan, T. (2017). Dilemmas of Weak States: Africa and Transnational Terrorism in the Twenty-First Century. Abingdon-on-Thames: Routledge.
https://doi.org/10.4324/9781351159920

[13]   Munanura, I. E., Backman, K. F., Hallo, J. C., & Powell, R. B. (2016). Perceptions of Tourism Revenue Sharing Impacts on Volcanoes National Park, Rwanda: A Sustainable Livelihoods Framework. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 24, 1709-1726.
https://doi.org/10.1080/09669582.2016.1145228

[14]   Murali (2017). Environmental Management: Science and Engineering for Industry. Oxford: Elsevier Science.

[15]   Njuguna, M., & Deisser, A.-M. (2016). Conservation of Natural and Cultural Heritage in Kenya. UCL Press.

[16]   Richard, E. (2000). Tiger Bone &Rhino Horn: The Destruction of Wildlife for Traditional Chinese Medicine. Washington DC: Island Press.

[17]   Samedi, M., Eckardt, W., Derhé, M., Miller, M., Grueter, C., Robbins, M., & Nsabimana, D. (2019). Effect of Mountain Gorilla (Gorilla beringei beringei) Population Growth to Their Key Food Plant Biomass in Volcanoes National Park, Rwanda. Rwanda Journal of Engineering, Science, Technology and Environment, 2, No. 1.

[18]   Schauer, J. (2019). Wildlife between Empire and Nation in Twentieth-Century Africa. Berlin: Springer.
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-02883-1

[19]   Slovin, E. (1960). Slovin’s Formula for Sampling Technique.

[20]   Warchol, G. (2017). Exploiting the Wilderness: An Analysis of Wildlife Crime.

[21]   William, A. (2018). Smallholder Farmers, Environmental Change and Adaptation in a Human-Dominated Landscape in the Northern Highlands of Rwanda. Yellow Springs, OH: Antioch University.

 
 
Top