JWARP  Vol.12 No.4 , April 2020
Water Usage Patterns and Water Saving Devices in Households: A Case of Eastleigh, Nairobi
Abstract: Water conservation measures are rapidly becoming a necessity in urban environments all over Africa and the world. There is little innovation and available information for homeowners, building professionals and practitioners to guide towards water conservation. Water scarcity has progressively increased over periods of time in Eastleigh due to increased population density from increased high-rise apartments. The study tries to establish how water usage patterns and water conservation devices can potentially reduce water consumption levels. In the study area, 96% of the families are faced with problems related to water supply and hence are forced to come up with water conservation and adaptation strategies due to the scarcity of water. The study used survey and descriptive research design, and collected data on water usage patterns and water conservation devices from a total of 230 households in Biafra and Sewage estates in the Eastleigh neighbourhood. The results indicated that 76% of the households did not have water saving devices while the other 24% had water saving devices such as the dual flush toilets, low flow high-efficiency faucet aerators, low flow plumbing fixtures and automatic shut-off nozzles. A unit increase in water saving devices will lead to a 0.512 decrease in water consumption level. The study recommends that low-income households use water saving devices and develop water management strategies such as water-saving plumbing fixtures, rainwater harvesting, and grey water reuse.
Cite this paper: Ali, M. , Munala, G. , Muhoro, T. , Shikuku, J. , Nyakundi, V. and Gremley, A. (2020) Water Usage Patterns and Water Saving Devices in Households: A Case of Eastleigh, Nairobi. Journal of Water Resource and Protection, 12, 303-315. doi: 10.4236/jwarp.2020.124018.

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