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 IJCM  Vol.11 No.4 , April 2020
Therapeutic Effect of Artificial Femoral Head Replacement and Proximal Femoral Nail Antirotation on Elderly Unstable Intertrochanteric Fractures
Abstract: Objective: To compare the clinical efficacy of artificial femoral head replacement and Proximal femoral nail antirotation (PFNA) in the treatment of unstable femoral intertrochanteric fractures in the elderly. Methods: This study retrospectively analyzed 60 elderly patients with unstable intertrochanteric fractures treated with PFNA and artificial femoral head replacement from 2015.06 to 2018.06, of which 34 were in the PFNA group (Group A) and 26 in the artificial femoral head replacement group (Group B). Statistical analysis of relevant surgical indicators such as surgical time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative blood transfusion, postoperative time to landing, postoperative infection rate, hospital stay, number of secondary operations, postoperative VAS score, and postoperative Hip function score comparison. Results: All 60 patients were followed up for 1 - 24 months. Compared with the artificial femoral head replacement group, the operation time of PFNA group was shorter, the blood loss during operation was less, and the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05). The postoperative blood transfusion volume, postoperative time, hospital stay, and postoperative time were higher in PFNA group. In the bone replacement group, the postoperative VAS score and the Harris score were lower than those in the artificial femoral head replacement group, and the differences were statistically significant (P < 0.05). There was no significant difference in the incidence of postoperative infection and the number of secondary operations between the two groups (P > 0.05). Conclusion: The hip joint function and pain scores of the artificial femoral head replacement group in the early and follow-up periods are better than those of the PFNA group. The artificial femoral head replacement is more suitable for the treatment of elderly unstable intertrochanteric fractures.
Cite this paper: Qian, J. , Wang, D. , Mei, X. and Chen, J. (2020) Therapeutic Effect of Artificial Femoral Head Replacement and Proximal Femoral Nail Antirotation on Elderly Unstable Intertrochanteric Fractures. International Journal of Clinical Medicine, 11, 135-143. doi: 10.4236/ijcm.2020.114014.
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