Back
 MSA  Vol.11 No.3 , March 2020
Elaboration and Characterization of a Composite Material Based on Canarium schweinfurthii Engl Cores with a Polyester Matrix
Abstract: The aim of this work was to develop and characterize a polyester matrix composite material based on Canarium schweinfurthii Engl core granule. The particle size and the mass fractions of these cores used as fillers in this composite were the two optimization parameters. The experimentation of the twelve sample areas was based on the following optimization parameters: Three particles sizes of 80 < T1 < 160 μm, 160 < T2 < 315 μm and 315 < T3 < 630 μm and four mass fractions of 0%, 40%, 45% and 50%. The composites were produced by hand lay-up method. The physical and mechanical parameters concerned by this study are: absolute density, compressive stress at break, Young’s modulus in bending and coefficient of static friction with wood. Each of these parameters was determined by testing ten specimens per sampling area. It was found that the absolute density varies very little as a function of particle size and mass fraction. This absolute density is between 1200 and 1232 kg&middot;m-3, which allows us to admit that this composite belongs to the family of light materials. The maximum compressive stress at break was obtained for the formulation 40% filler of size T3. This compressive stress at maximum rupture is in the range of 199.14 MPa. From 0% to 45% of filler, the flexural Young’s modulus of the composite increases whatever the particle size. The highest value is obtained for T2 particle size, i.e. 13.11 GPa. The static friction coefficient of the composite on wood increases as the filler content varies from 0.30 to 0.42. Thus, in view of the properties obtained, this composite can be used as alternative solutions in industrial applications, for the manufacturing of shoe heel, house ceiling, floors for housing and table support.
Cite this paper: Ndapeu, D. , Tamwo, F. , Koungang, M. , Tchuen, G. , Tagne, N. , Bistac, S. and Njeugna, E. (2020) Elaboration and Characterization of a Composite Material Based on Canarium schweinfurthii Engl Cores with a Polyester Matrix. Materials Sciences and Applications, 11, 204-215. doi: 10.4236/msa.2020.113014.
References

[1]   Nkouam, G.B. (2007) Conservation des fruits du karité (Vitellaria paradoxa Gaertn.) et de l’aiéle (Canarium Schweinfurthii Engl.): Isothermes de sorption d’eau et extraction des matières grasses des fruits stockés. Thèse soutenue à l’Université de Ngaoundéré.

[2]   Nono, Y.J. and Kapseu, C. (1999) Problématiques du traitement et de la distribution des fruits de l’Aiélé (Canarium schweinfurthii Engl.) au Cameroun.

[3]   Ehiem, J.C., Ndirika, V.I., Onwuka, U.N. and Raghavan, V. (2019) The Moisture-Dependent Flow Characteristics of Canarium schweinfurthii Engler Nuts.

[4]   Yilleng, M.T., et al. (2013) Adsorption of Hexavalent Chromium from Aqueous Solution by Granulated Activated Carbon from Canarium schweinfurthii Seed Shell. Advances in Applied Science Research, 4, 89-94.

[5]   Ehiem, J.C., Ndirika, V.I.O. and Raghavan, G.S.V. (2015) Frictional Properties of Canarium schweifurthii Engl. Fruits and Their Interaction with Moisture Content and Shape.

[6]   Obi, O.F., Ijere, N.C. and Okechukwu, M.E. (2018) Determination of Physical and Aerodynamic Characteristics of African Olive (Canarium schweinfurthii) Nut. Agricultural Engineering International: CIGR Journal, 20, 172-179.

[7]   Ehiem, J.C., Ndirika, V.I., Onwuka, U.N., Gariepy, Y. and Raghavan, V. (2019) Water Absorption Characteristics of Canarium schweinfurthii Fruits. Information Processing in Agriculture, 6, 386-395.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.inpa.2018.12.002

[8]   Ehiem, J.C., Ndirika, V.I. and Onwuka, U.N. (2016) Effect of Moisture Content on Some Physical Properties of Canarium schweinfurthii Engl. Fruits. Research in Agricultural Engineering, 62, 162-169.
https://doi.org/10.17221/11/2015-RAE

[9]   Shehu, U., Aponbiede, O., Ause, T. and Obiodunukwe, E.EF. (2014) Effect of Particle Size on the Properties of Polyester/Pal Kernel Shell (PKS) Particulate Composites. Journal of Materials and Environmental Science, 5, 366-373.

[10]   Nwachukwu, J.C. and Osarenmwinda, J.O. (2010) Development of Composite Material from Agricultural Wastes. International Journal of Research in Africa, 3, 42-48.
https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/JERA.3.42

[11]   Horrocks, R. (2001) Composites. In: Price, A.R., Ed., Fire Retardant Material, Woodhead Publishing Ltd., Cambridge, 182-201.
https://doi.org/10.1533/9781855737464.182

[12]   Bismarck, S., Mishra, M. and Lampke, T. (2005) Plant Fibers as Reinforcement for Green Composites. In: Mohanty, A.M., Ed., Natural Fibres, Biopolymers and Biocomposites, CRC Press, Boca Raton, 37-108.
https://doi.org/10.1201/9780203508206.ch2

[13]   Dieunedort, N. (2014).Caractérisation physico chimique et mécanique des coques de noix de coco nucifera du Cameroun en vue de leur utilisation dans l’élaboration des matériaux abrasifs. Thèse de Doctorat/PhD université de Dschang.

[14]   Dubey, N. and Agnihotri, G. (2015) Development and Characterization of the Midrib of Coconut Palm Leaf Reinforced Polyester Composite. Computers Materials & Continua, 45, 39-55.

[15]   Prasad, A.R. and Rao, K.M. (2011) Mechanical Properties of Natural Fiber Reinforced Polyester Composites: Jowar, Sisal and Bamboo. Materials & Design, 32, 4658-4663.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matdes.2011.03.015

 
 
Top