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 GEP  Vol.8 No.1 , January 2020
How Can Environmental Pollution by Ships be Minimized at the New Terminal of Cargo Offloading Facility of the Caspian Sea?
Abstract: Nowadays pollution from ships in ports/terminals of the Caspian Sea has a significant impact on surrounding nature and health. And the Kazakh oil company “Tengizchevroil” is about to realize a new big business project in terms of water area, which might lead to increased pollution. So, this research specifically concentrates on the reduction of environmental pollution problems at the new Terminal of Cargo Offloading Facility and Cargo Transportation Route of the North Caspian Sea. In order to reach this motive, the authors analyze IMO’s International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution and its initial strategy on reduction of GHG emissions from ships. In addition, efficiency of shore power supply, which is often used by developed countries for better environmental conditions for the port area, is also examined. Overall, the authors outline six proposals as to the best course of action, which needs to be implemented at the new Tengizchevroil terminal. The items such as calculation of damage and calculation of prices of pollution prevention measures will not be included in the research.
Cite this paper: Khalikov, S. , Smailkhan, A. and Nukuyeva, K. (2020) How Can Environmental Pollution by Ships be Minimized at the New Terminal of Cargo Offloading Facility of the Caspian Sea?. Journal of Geoscience and Environment Protection, 8, 28-45. doi: 10.4236/gep.2020.81003.
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