MSA  Vol.10 No.12 , December 2019
Effect of Ti4+ Doping on Structural, Electrical and Magnetic Properties of Ni0.4Cu0.2Zn0.4Fe2-xTixO4 Ferrites
Abstract: Ti4+ doped Ni0.4Cu0.2Zn0.4Fe2-xTixO4 (x = 0.0, 0.02, 0.05, 0.07, 0.10) chemical compositions are prepared by conventional solid state reaction technique. The ferrite phase formation has been confirmed from the pattern of XRD. The theoretical density (ρth), bulk density (ρB), and porosity are calculated from the XRD data and using approximate formulas. Value of ρth is found to be greater than the value of ρB indicating the formation of pores inside the bulk specimens. The micro-structural investigation has been done using Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscope and it is found that the average grain size reduces with the increase of Ti content. Saturation magnetization (Ms) also reduces with the increase of Ti content, contrarily remanent magnetization (Mr) and coercivity (Hc) increases with the concentration of Ti in the composition due to the pinning effect. The real part of the initial permeability is found to be maximum for the x = 0.02 sample which could be due to the homogeneity and high density of the sample. For increasing frequency, the dielectric constant and dielectric loss are observed to decrease.
Cite this paper: Mazumdar, S. , Alam, F. , Tanni, U. , Kali, K. , Das, B. and Khan, M. (2019) Effect of Ti4+ Doping on Structural, Electrical and Magnetic Properties of Ni0.4Cu0.2Zn0.4Fe2-xTixO4 Ferrites. Materials Sciences and Applications, 10, 733-745. doi: 10.4236/msa.2019.1012053.

[1]   Praveena, K., Sadhana, K., Bharadwaj, S. and Murthy, S.R. (2009) Development of Nanocrystalline Mn-Zn Ferrites for High Frequency Transformer Applications. Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, 321, 2433-2437.

[2]   Praveena, K., Sadhana, K. and Murthy, S.R. (2012) Elastic Behavior of Microwave Hydro-Thermally Synthesized Nanocrystalline Mn1-xZnx Ferrites. Materials Research Bulletin, 47, 1096-1103.

[3]   Praveena, K. and Murthy, S.R. (2013) Magneto Acoustical Emission in Nanocrystalline Mn-Zn Ferrites. Materials Research Bulletin, 48, 4826-4833.

[4]   Reddy, M.P., Kim, I.G., Yoo, D.S., Madhuri, W., Reddy, N.R., Kumar, K.V.S. and. Reddy, R.R.K. (2012) Characterization and Electromagnetic Studies on Nizn and Nicuzn Ferrites Prepared by Microwave Sintering Technique. Materials Sciences and Applications, 3, 628-632.

[5]   Bacchav, S.G., Patil, R.S., Ahirrao, P.B., Patil, A.M. and Patil, D.R. (2011) Microstructure and Magnetic Studies of Mg-Ni-Zn-Cu Ferrite. Materials Chemistry and Physics, 129, 1104-1109.

[6]   Hosseinpour-Mashkani, S.M., Maddahfar, M. and Sobhani-Nasab, A. (2016) Novel Silver-Doped CdMoO4: Synthesis, Characterization, and Its Photocatalytic Performance for Methyl Orange Degradation through the Sonochemical Method. Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics, 27, 474-480.

[7]   Singh, A.K., Srivastava, O.N. and Singh, K. (2017) Shape and Size-Dependent Magnetic Properties of Fe3O4 Nanoparticals Synthesized Using Piperidine. Nanoscale Research Letter, 12, 298.

[8]   Gyergyek, S., Makovec, D., Iztok Arcon, A.K., Jagodic, M. and Drofenik, M. (2010) Influence of Synthesis Method on Structural and Magnetic Properties of Cobalt Ferrite Nanoparticles. Journal of Nanoparticle Research, 12, 1263-1273

[9]   Aakash, R.C., Das, D. and Mukherjee, S. (2016) Effect of Doping of Manganese Ions on the Structural and Magnetic Properties of Nickel Ferrite. Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 668, 33-39.

[10]   Chakrabarty, S., Dutta, A. and Pal, M. (2015) Enhanced Magnetic Properties of Doped Cobalt Ferrite Nanoparticles by Virtue of Cation Distribution. Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 625, 216-223.

[11]   Rezlescu, N., Rezlescu, L., Popa, P.D. and Rezlescu, E. (2000) Influence of Additives on the Properties of a Ni-Zn Ferrite with Low Curie Point. Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, 215-216, 194-196.

[12]   Mahalakshmi, S., Srinivasa, M.K. and Nithiyanantham, S. (2014) Electrical Properties of Nanophase Ferrite Doped with Rare Earth Ions. Journal of Superconductivity Novel Magnetism, 27, 2083-2088.

[13]   Bharathi, K.K. and Ramana, C.V. (2011) Improved Electrical and Dielectric Properties of La-Doped Co Ferrite. Journal of Materials Research, 26, 584-591.

[14]   Heiba, Z.K., Mohamed, M.B., Arda, L. and Dogan, N. (2015) Cation Distribution Correlated with Magnetic Properties of Nanocrystalline Gadolinium Substituted Nickel Ferrite. Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, 391,195-202.

[15]   Rathi, R. and Neogi, R., (2016). Structural, Electric and Magnetic Properties of Titanium Doped Ni-Cu-Zn Ferrite. Materials Today: Proceedings, 3, 2437-2442.

[16]   Pandit, A.A., Shitre, A.R., Shengule, D.R. and Jadhav K.M. (2005) Magnetic and Dielectric Properties of Mg1+xMnxFe2-2xO4 Ferrite System. Journal of Materials Science, 40, 423-428.

[17]   Mali, A. and Ataie, A. (2005) Influence of Fe/Ba Molar Ratio on the Characteristics of Ba-Hexaferrite Particles Prepared by Sol-Gel Combustion Method. Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 399, 245-250.

[18]   Cullity, B.D. and Stock, S.R. (2001) Elements of X-Ray Diffraction. 3rd Edition, Prentice, Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ, 169.

[19]   Valenzuela, R. (1994) Magnetic Ceramics. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 5.

[20]   Ahmed, F.U., Yunus, S.M., Kamal, I., Datta, T.K., Azad, A.K. and Asgar, M.A. (1998) Neutron Diffraction Study of ZnxNi1-xFe2O4 (x = 0.25 and 0.85) Ferrite. Nuclear Science and Applications, 7.

[21]   Brinkman, K., Iijima, T., Nishida, K., Katoda, K. and Funakubo, H. (2007) The Influence of Acceptor Doping on the Structure and Electrical Properties of Sol-Gel Derived BiFeO3 Thin Films. Ferroelectrics, 357, 35-40.

[22]   Smit, J. and Wijn, H.P.J. (1959) Ferrites. Philips Technical Library, Eindhoven, 150.

[23]   Maxwell, K.C. (1873) Electricity and Magnetism. Oxford University Press, London, 328.

[24]   Wagner, K. W. (1913) Zur Theorie der Unvollkommenen Dielektrika. Annalen der Physik, 40, 817-855.

[25]   Koops, C.G. (1951) On the Dispersion of Resistivity and Dielectric Constant of Some Semiconductors at Audiofrequencies. Physics Review, 83, 121.

[26]   Murthy, V.R.K. and Shobanadri, J. (1976) Dielectric Properties of Some Nickel-Zinc Ferrites at Radio Frequency. Physica Status Solidi A , 36, K133-K135.