ENG  Vol.11 No.12 , December 2019
Fire and Smoke Phenomenon in West Najaf City —Southwest Iraq
Abstract: A strange phenomenon of fire taking place at Arruhban area west Bahr-Al Najaf area in Iraq was noticed in 2010 and smoke continued many months; this phenomenon reappeared many years later. This site is part of Bahr-Al Najaf-Iraq NE Arabian plate, located in flat area near an archeological site of Christian temple called Tel Arruhban. To understand the causes for this fire in a non-residential area, field observations from repeated visits between 2010 and 2018 and on-site excavation operations were conducted. The results of analysis of soil samples, and on-site detection for gases and vapors showed that the phenomenon of burning and smoke generated at this site was due to external influences and that the presence of soil rich with organic materials helped to the existence of this phenomenon.
Cite this paper: Alabidi, A. , M. Al-Dahaan, S. and Al-Ansari, N. (2019) Fire and Smoke Phenomenon in West Najaf City —Southwest Iraq. Engineering, 11, 791-800. doi: 10.4236/eng.2019.1112053.

[1]   Mathews, W.H. and Bustin, R.M. (1984) Why Do the Smoking Hills Smoke? Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, 21, 737-742.

[2]   Etiope, G., Drobniak, A. and Schimmelmannd, A. (2013) Natural Seepage of Shale Gas and the Origin of “Eternal Flames” in the Northern Appalachian Basin, USA. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 43, 178-186.

[3]   Hosgörmez, H. (2007) Origin of the Natural Gas Seep of Çirali (Chimera), Turkey: Site of the First Olympic Fire. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 30, 131-141.

[4]   Baba Gurgur-Eternal Fire of Iraq, 2019, Worldatlas.

[5]   Burning Mountain Nature Reserve (2019) NSW National Parks and Wildlife Services.

[6]   Leary, C. (2014) 9 Naturally Occurring Eternal Flames. Mother of Nature Network.

[7]   Gunther, S. (2012) Watch: The “Door to Hell” of Turkmenistan.

[8]   Water and Fire Cave (2019) Round Taiwan Round.

[9]   Burning Mountain Nature Reserve (2019) Learn More about Why This Part Is Special, NSW Parks and Wildlife Service.

[10]   Wikipedia

[11]   Jwalamukhi Temple (2019) Indian Mirror.

[12]   Hickman, M. (2013) 7 Modern-Day Ghost Towns, Mother of Nature Network.

[13]   Ma’ala, K.A. (2009) Geomorphology of Iraqi Southern Desert in Special Issue: Geology of the Southern Desert, State Company of Geological Survey and Mining.

[14]   Sissakian, V.K. and Fouad, S.F. (2012) Geological Map of Iraq, Scale 1:1,000,000. 4th Edition. Geosurv, Baghdad.

[15]   Fouad, S.F.A. (2015) Tectonic Map of Iraq, Scale 1: 1000 000. 3rd Edition. Iraqi Bulletin of Geology and Mining, 11, 1-7.

[16]   Bauer, S., Gronewald, P., Hamilton, J. and Mansure, A. (2005) High-Temperature Plug Formation with Silicates. Proceedings of Thirtieth Workshop on Geothermal Reservoir Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, 31 January-2 February 2005.

[17]   Taylor, H.F.W. (1990) Cement Chemistry, Academic Press, New York, 33-34.

[18]   Chang, R. (2006) Chemistry. 9th Edition, McGraw-Hill Science, New York.