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 WJCMP  Vol.9 No.4 , November 2019
On the Galvanic Modification of Seawater
Abstract: Chemical properties of seawater are studied at forced shifting of Fermi level εF  in the band gap of liquid water due to deviation of its composition H2O1&minus;z ( z< 10&minus;13 ) from the stoichiometric one ( z = 0 ). It is shown that the hypo-stoichiometric state ( z > 0 ) of seawater emerges when Fermi level is shifted to the local electron level  εH3O of hydroxonium H3O+ in galvanic cell with the strongly polarized anode and the quasi-equilibrium cathode. Then, each εH3O is occupied by electron and hydroxonium radicals [H3O]  together with hydroxide anions [OH&minus;] form in seawater hydrated electrons [(H2O)2&minus;] . The opposite hyper-stoichiometric state ( z < 0 ) of seawater is gotten in galvanic cell with the strongly polarized cathode and the quasi-equilibrium anode. Then, Fermi level is shifted to the local energy level εOH for removing electron from each hydroxide ion OH&minus; and forming hydroxyl radicals [OH] as strong oxidizers. It turned out that the ions of sodium and chlorine are connected into hydrates of sodium hypochlorite NaClO in this case.
Cite this paper: Shimkevich, A. (2019) On the Galvanic Modification of Seawater. World Journal of Condensed Matter Physics, 9, 112-121. doi: 10.4236/wjcmp.2019.94009.
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