MSA  Vol.10 No.10 , October 2019
Temperature-Programmed Reduction and Dispersive X-Ray Absorption Spectroscopy Studies of CeO2-Based Nanopowders for Intermediate-Temperature Solid-Oxide Fuel Cell Anodes
Abstract: In this work, we study the influence of the average crystallite size and dopant oxide on the reducibility of CeO2-based nanomaterials. Samples were prepared from commercial Gd2O3-, Sm2O3- and Y2O3-doped CeO2 powders by calcination at different temperatures ranging between 400°C and 900°C and characterized by X-ray powder diffraction, transmission electron microscopy and BET specific surface area. The reducibility of the samples was analyzed by temperature-programmed reduction and in situ dispersive X-ray absorption spectroscopy techniques. Our results clearly demonstrate that samples treated at lower temperatures, of smallest average crystallite size and highest specific surface areas, exhibit the best performance, while Gd2O3-doped ceria materials display higher reducibility than Sm2O3- and Y2O3-doped CeO2.
Cite this paper: Bellora, M. , Sacanell, J. , Huck-Iriart, C. , Soldati, A. , Larrondo, S. , Lamas, D. (2019) Temperature-Programmed Reduction and Dispersive X-Ray Absorption Spectroscopy Studies of CeO2-Based Nanopowders for Intermediate-Temperature Solid-Oxide Fuel Cell Anodes. Materials Sciences and Applications, 10, 631-642. doi: 10.4236/msa.2019.1010045.

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