JEP  Vol.10 No.9 , September 2019
Removal of Some Toxic Ions from Seawater and Wastewater by Sorption onto Natural, Synthetic Hydroxyapatite and Alginate-Hydroxyapatite Composite Nanoparticles: A Comparative Study
Abstract: The main objective of this paper is to study the removal of Cadmium(II), Lead(II), Chromium(VI), and Mercury(II) ions by sorption onto different natural and synthetic nanoparticles. Special attention has been given to the application of fish bone in nanoform as a useful, inexpensive and eco-friendly alternative material. A comparison between natural hydroxyapatite (fish bone), synthetic hydroxyapatite nanoparticles (HAP) and alginate-hydroxyapatite composite (Alg/Hap) to assess their removal efficiencies to remediate the selected heavy metals has been done. Surface characterization by using different techniques has also been performed to understand the influence of surface characteristics of the adsorbent materials in the removal process. Different parameters (pH, contact time, mass dose and metal ion concentration) have been examined to identify the optimum conditions for remediation of different metals from polluted water. The potential applications of the biosorbents for removal and sorption of these metal ions from seawater and wastewater samples were also investigated and evaluated.
Cite this paper: Shreadah, M. , Rizk, O. , Aly-Eldeen, M. , Rashad, A. and Mahmoud, M. (2019) Removal of Some Toxic Ions from Seawater and Wastewater by Sorption onto Natural, Synthetic Hydroxyapatite and Alginate-Hydroxyapatite Composite Nanoparticles: A Comparative Study. Journal of Environmental Protection, 10, 1155-1173. doi: 10.4236/jep.2019.109069.

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