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 JBM  Vol.7 No.8 , August 2019
Awareness of Chronic Kidney Disease among Patients Attending Tertiary Care Hospital in Bangladesh
Abstract: Background: Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are at increased risk of morbidity & mortality. Educational interventions aimed at empowering patients are successful in chronic disease management including CKD. Objective: To explore the awareness regarding CKD among patients attending in a tertiary care hospital in Bangladesh. Methodology: This was a descriptive observational study, which includes 100 adult patients attending the department of Medicine in Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU), Dhaka, Bangladesh from January 2013 to June 2013. Data were collected on a pre-tested questionnaire by face-to-face interview to investigate awareness toward: 1) basic knowledge of personal health; 2) perceptions of factors increasing the risk of CKD; 3) knowledge of therapies to slow CKD progression; 4) perceptions of CKD increasing the risk of other medical conditions and 5) demographic information. Main outcome variables were demographic parameters, socio-economic status and awareness about chronic kidney disease. Data were analyzed and compared by statistical tests. Results: Almost one third (32.0%) respondents were in 3rd decade and male to female ratio was 1:1.5. Majority (43.0%) patients came from lower-middle income family. In all age groups, the majority (60%) respondents had low knowledge of CKD. Among the study population, 44.0% believe that smoking increases risk of CKD; 42.0% believe that restricting salt intake reduces the progression of CKD; 34.0% mention that CKD increases the risk for hypertension and 82.0% mention that renal transplantation is the treatment of choice in CKD. Among the participants, 32.8% had knowledge of increasing risk factor of CKD, 30.8% had knowledge of the method of slow progression of CKD, 30.3% had knowledge of conditions for increase risk of CKD and 41.7% respondent had knowledge of treatment of CKD. Conclusion: Most of the study participants had inadequate knowledge of CKD. Lack of CKD screening and educational programs have contributed to the inadequate patient knowledge about the condition.
Cite this paper: Jahan, F. , Rahman, A. , Mahbub, T. , Noman, M. , Akter, Y. , Rahaman, M. , Hadiuzzaman, K. and Chowdhury, M. (2019) Awareness of Chronic Kidney Disease among Patients Attending Tertiary Care Hospital in Bangladesh. Journal of Biosciences and Medicines, 7, 106-118. doi: 10.4236/jbm.2019.78009.
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