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 ENG  Vol.11 No.8 , August 2019
A Novel Coating Method for Create Filter Media Capable to Remove Phosphate from Wastewater Effectively
Abstract: Filtration materials coating with metallic oxides represented a good method for phosphate sorption. However, most of the researchers utilize chemicals as a source of metallic oxides and heating process to set the chemicals over the filtration materials. This study is aimed to introduce the furnace bottom ash FBA as a source of metallic oxides; it is available free because it is dumped as a waste material from power generation plants. The method of creating new filter media involves coating the limestone and sand by FBA, and the ordinary Portland cement OPC utilized as binder to binding the mixture materials. The water is the factor which is responsible for activating the OPC. All factors such as mixed materials ratio, water content and age of reaction have subjected to optimization process. The results revealed that the optimal mixture for phosphate removal consists of 40% FBA, 5% OPC from dry weight of supporting material, 35% water ratio from the total weight of FBA and OPC, and 14 days are enough to complete the materials reaction. Limestone-furnace bottom ash LFBA indicated high capacity for phosphate sorption and possibility of efficiency regenerate. This study demonstrates a new method for coating the filtration materials more convenient with sustainability approach.
Cite this paper: Alzeyadi, A. , Al-Ansari, N. , Al-Rawabdeh, A. and Laue, J. (2019) A Novel Coating Method for Create Filter Media Capable to Remove Phosphate from Wastewater Effectively. Engineering, 11, 443-463. doi: 10.4236/eng.2019.118032.
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