AS  Vol.10 No.8 , August 2019
Characterization of Personal Clothing Worn by Pesticide Sprayers in Foumbot Agricultural Area (Cameroon)
Abstract: Personal protective equipment is intended to protect worker from risks that cannot be eliminated for more effective safety. This study was aimed at evaluating the type of cloth worn by pesticide users in Foumbot agricultural area (West Region of Cameroon) and to identify signs and symptoms related to pesticides effects on human health. A survey was conducted on seventy (70) farmers randomly selected using a questionnaire made up of closed and opened questions. Specimens of cloth were collected, identified and analyzed for the water and vapor absorbency and permeability. The identification was done by burning and solubility tests. Results showed that no farmer used adequate protective clothing, they all presented many pesticide-related signs and symptoms such as dizziness, skin irritation, eye-watering and breathing difficulties; the permeation of clothes that they wear is high with high vapor and water absorbency capacity; they were made up with Cotton fiber, blended cotton fibre, wool, polyester and polyethylene; a local laminated fabric manufactured with Tri-acetate fiber was identified with great capacity of protection. This study raised inappropriate characteristics of protective materials used by farmers in Foumbot agricultural area. However, a local fabric was identified to have been adapted to pesticide applications and may be promoted after further study on the comfortability.
Cite this paper: Jean, S. , Gracile, B. and Benoit, N. (2019) Characterization of Personal Clothing Worn by Pesticide Sprayers in Foumbot Agricultural Area (Cameroon). Agricultural Sciences, 10, 1056-1072. doi: 10.4236/as.2019.108080.

[1]   Atabila, A., Dung, T.P., Jonathan, N.H., Ross, S., Des, C. and Cordia, C. (2018) Health Risk Assessment of Dermal Exposure to Chlorpyrifos among Applicators on Rice Farms in Ghana. Chemosphere, 203, 83-89.

[2]   Mejía, R., Edgar, Q., Alejandro, L., Alexandre, R., Humberto, C., Carlos, M.O., Eliette, V. and Dina, L.L. (2014) Pesticide-Handling Practices in Agriculture in El Salvador: An Example from 42 Patient Farmers with Chronic Kidney Disease in the BajoLempa Region. Occupational Diseases and Environmental Medicine, 2, 56-70.

[3]   Sonchieu, J., Ngassoum, M.B., Nantia, A.E. and Laxman, P.S. (2017) Pesticides Applications on Some Vegetables Cultivated and Health Implications in Santa, North West-Cameroon. International Journal of Agriculture & Environmental Science, 4, 39-46.

[4]   Sonchieu, J., Akono, E.N., Ngwamitang, C.T. and Ngassoum, B.M. (2018) Health Risk amongst Pesticides Sellers in Bamenda (Cameroon) and Peripheral Areas. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 25, 9454-9460.

[5]   Muhammad, A.B., Shafi, M.N., Syed, T.H.S. and Muhammad, I.B. (2012) Adsorption and Leaching Potential of Imidacloprid Pesticide through Alluvial Soil. American Journal of Analytical Chemistry, 3, 604-611.

[6]   Pinheiro, F.A. and Adissi, P.J. (2014) Pesticides Exposure: The Case of Workers on Growing Grapes in San Francisco Valley, Petrolina/Brazil. Agricultural Sciences, 5, 805-812.

[7]   Plan National de Développement et Planification (PNDP) (2015) Santa Council: Council Development Plan-CDP. MINPLADT, Yaoundé, 167 p.

[8]   Yasser, E. (2017) Risk Factors among Greenhouse Farmers in Gaza Strip. Occupational Diseases and Environmental Medicine, 5, 1-10.

[9]   Tarla, D.N., Manu, I.N., Tamedjouong, Z.T., Kamga, A. and Fontem, D.A. (2015) Plight of Pesticide Applicators in Cameroon: Case of Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) Farmers in Foumbot. Journal of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences, 4, 87-98.

[10]   Pouokam, G.B., William, L.A., Alice, S.N. and Mohamed, E.S. (2017) A Pilot Study in Cameroon to Understand Safe Uses of Pesticides in Agriculture, Risk Factors for Farmers’ Exposure and Management of Accidental Cases. Toxics, 5, 30.

[11]   Medardo, A.V., Eduardo, M., Agustina, E., Flavia, S.D. and Bryan, M. (2017) Association between Cancer and Environmental Exposure to Glyphosate. International Journal of Clinical Medicine, 8, 73-85.

[12]   Kimengsi, J.N. and Muluh, N.G. (2013) A Comparative Assessment of the Effect of Climatic Variations on the Crops of the Cameroon Development Corporation (CDC): Adaptation Options. Environment and Natural Resources Research, 3, 144-156.

[13]   EN ISO 15025 Standard (2017) Protective Clothing—Protection against Heat and Flame—Method of Test for Limited Flame Spread.

[14]   Jhalendra, P., Rijal, R.R., Rajan, G., Krishna, D.P., Sudan, G. and Sujata, P. (2018) Farmers’ Knowledge on Pesticide Safety and Pest Management Practices: A Case Study of Vegetable Growers in Chitwan, Nepal. Agriculture, 8, 16.

[15]   Mohamed, H.S. (2012) Residues of Dimethoate and Profenofos in Tomato and Cucumber, and Dissipation during the Removal within Home Processing Method JKAU: The Meteorology. Environment and Arid Land Agriculture Science, 23, 51-63.

[16]   Ayaz, A., Majid, K., Shah, A. and Saleem, U.R. (2013) Occupational Exposure to Pesticides and Its Effects on Health Status of Workers in Swat, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Journal of Biology and Life Science, 4, 57-76.

[17]   Sobia, K., Rubina, M., Rehana, M., Masarrat, Y., Muhammad, A., Fozia, T. and Rabiya, F. (2013) Monitoring of Biochemical Effects of Organochlorine Pesticides on Human Health. Health, 5, 1342-1350.

[18]   Zephania, N.F. (2014) Montane Resources Exploitation and the Emergence of Gender Issues in Santa Economy of the Western Bamboutos Highlands, Cameroon. International Journal of Geography and Regional Planning Research, 1, 1-12.

[19]   Abang, A.F., Kouame, C.M., Abang, M., Hannah, R. and Fotso, A.K. (2013) Vegetable Growers Perception of Pesticide Use Practices, Cost, and Health Effects in the Tropical Region of Cameroon. International Journal of Agronomy and Plant Production, 4, 873-883.

[20]   Mourad, K. and Sara, S.S. (2016) Cotton Utilization in Conventional and Non-Conventional Textiles—A Statistical Review. Agricultural Sciences, 7, 747-758.

[21]   Abdeen, Z. and Mohammad, S.G. (2014) Study of the Adsorption Efficiency of an Eco-Friendly Carbohydrate Polymer for Contaminated Aqueous Solution by Organophosphorus Pesticide. Open Journal of Organic Polymer Materials, 4, 16-28.

[22]   Gupta, A.K. (1997) Characterization of Polymers and Fibres. In: Gupta, V.B. and Kothari, V.K., Eds., Manufactured Fibre Technology, Chapter 10, Chapman & Hall, London, 203-247.

[23]   Li, C., et al. (2017) Waterproof and Moisture Permeability Performance of Laminated Fabrics with Electrospunnano Fibrous Membrane. Journal of Textile Engineering and Fashion Technology, 2, 363-368.

[24]   Buzuayehu, A., Ananda, M.H.C. and Enyew, A. (2018) Summary on Adsorption and Photocatalysis for Pollutant Remediation: Mini Review. Journal of Encapsulation and Adsorption Sciences, 8, 225-255.

[25]   Marolleau, A., Salaün, F., Dupont, D., Gidik, H. and Ducept, S. (2017) Influence of Textile Physical Properties and Thermo-Hydric Behaviour on Comfort. Journal of Ergonomics, 7, 223.

[26]   Hassan, T.G. and Abolfazl, H. (2016) Investigating the Relationship between Porosity and Permeability Coefficient for Pervious Concrete Pavement by Statistical Modelling. Materials Sciences and Applications, 7, 101-107.

[27]   Sen, K. (2000) Textile Fibres: Classification and Identification. In: Kothari, V.K., Ed., Quality Control, Chapter 4, Textile Dept. IIT, New Delhi, 46-54.