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 JWARP  Vol.11 No.8 , August 2019
Distributed Hydrological Model for Assessing Flood Hazards in Laos
Abstract: Many natural disasters have recently occurred in Laos. Among them, flooding has been the greatest problem. Land use change (deforestation and urbanization) and climate change have played significant roles, and it is important to understand the impacts of these changes on flooding. We have developed an integrated hazard map based on a combination of four hazard maps of flooding, land use change and climate change to assess hazard areas at the national scale. The hazard map was developed using the analytical hierarchy process (AHP) and a hazard index. Finally, we divided the map into four hazard area categories, which include low, medium, intermediate and high. Based on this analysis, the integrated hazard map of Laos indicates that low hazard areas cover 87.44% of the total area, medium hazard areas cover 8.12%, and intermediate and high hazard areas respectively cover 2.42% and 2% of the land area. We compared the results with historical events to confirm that the proposed methodology is valid.
Cite this paper: Phrakonkham, S. , Kazama, S. , Komori, D. and Sopha, S. (2019) Distributed Hydrological Model for Assessing Flood Hazards in Laos. Journal of Water Resource and Protection, 11, 937-958. doi: 10.4236/jwarp.2019.118056.
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