Back
 AS  Vol.10 No.8 , August 2019
Artificial Defoliation to Simulate Losses on Production of Bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L. cv. Goytacazes)
Abstract: The reduction of foliar area can cause yield reduction in common bean crops. The objective of this work was to verify which is the effect of different defoliation levels realized in several development stages of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L. cv. Goytacazes) over yield, weight of 100 seeds and number of pods per plant. The experimental design was randomized blocks, in a split-plot arrangement with five replications. The plot corresponded to the five defoliation epochs (first trifoliate leaf, flowering, pods formation, pods filling, and dry pods). In each plot, the split plot was represented by the four defoliation levels (0%, 33%, 67% and 100%). It was observed a decrease of yield for all levels defoliation considering all development stages, except for dried pods. The highest decrease was detected for flowering and pods formation. Through the regression analysis got a greater reduction in yield with 100% defoliation made at 42 days after emergence. The evaluation parameter that showed better relation with yield was a number of pods per plant.
Cite this paper: Schmildt, O. , de Souza Oliveira, V. , Pratissoli, D. , do Amaral, J. , Czepak, M. , Nascimento, A. and Schmildt, E. (2019) Artificial Defoliation to Simulate Losses on Production of Bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L. cv. Goytacazes). Agricultural Sciences, 10, 1023-1031. doi: 10.4236/as.2019.108077.
References

[1]   Posse, S.C.P., Riva-Souza, E.M., Silva, G.M., Fasolo, L.M., Silva, M.B. and Rocha, M.A.M. (2010) Informações técnicas para o cultivo do feijoeiro-comum na região central-brasileira: 2009-2011. Incaper, Vitória.

[2]   Batista, G.C., Vendramin, J.D. and Marchini, I.C. (1992) Pragas do amendoim, feijoeiro e caupi: Curso de entomologia aplicada à agricultura. FEALQ, Piracicaba, 760.

[3]   Schmildt, E.R., Amaral, J.A.T., Pratissoli, D. and Reis, E.F. (2010) Influence of Artificial Defoliation to simulate Losses in Production of Beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L. cv. xamego). Arquivos do Instituto Biológico, 77, 457-463.

[4]   Pratissoli, D., Schmildt, E.R., Amaral, J.A.T. and Schmildt, O. (2012) Levels of Artificial Defoliation to Simulate Yield Losses of Common Bean. Scientia Agraria Paranaensis, 11, 68-76.
https://doi.org/10.18188/1983-1471/sap.v11n3p68-76

[5]   Tartarin, B.B.G., Barros, W.S. and Souza, L.C.D. (2016) Major Pests in Common Bean Crop. Revista Conexão Eletrônica, 13, 1-18.

[6]   Watson, D.J. (1947) Comparative Physiological Studies on the Growth of Field Crops. I. Variation in Net Assimilation Rate and Leaf Area between Species and Varieties, and within and between Years. Annals of Botany, 11, 41-76.
https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.aob.a083148

[7]   Peterson, R.K.D., Higley, L.G., Haile, L.G. and Barrigossi, A.F. (1998) Mexican Bean Beetle (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) Injury Affects Photosynthesis of Glycine Max and Phaseolus vulgaris. Environmental Entomology, 27, 373-381.
https://doi.org/10.1093/ee/27.2.373

[8]   Xia, M.Z. (1993) Effects of Faba Bean Leaves in Different Positions on the Yield and Photosynthetic Compensation after Defoliation. Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science, 171, 145-152.
https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-037X.1993.tb00125.x

[9]   Moura, G.M. (1999) Effect of Defoliation on Bean Yield. Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira, 34, 57-62.
https://doi.org/10.1590/S0100-204X1999000100008

[10]   Smiderle, O.J., Lima-Primo, H.E., Barbosa, H.D. and Souza, A.G. (2017) Effect of Defoliation on Production Components at Different Growth Stages of Cowpea. Revista Ciência Agronômica, 48, 840-847.
https://doi.org/10.5935/1806-6690.20170099

[11]   Hohmann, C.L. and Carvalho, S.M. (1983) Effect of Defoliation on Yield of Beans (Phaseolus vulgaris Linnaeus, 1753). Anais da Sociedade Entomológica do Brasil, 12, 3-9.

[12]   Schaafsma, A.W. and Ablett, G.R. (1994) Yield Loss Response of Navy Bean to Partial or Total Defoliation. Journal of Production Agriculture, 7, 202-205.
https://doi.org/10.2134/jpa1994.0202

[13]   Pratissoli, D., Schmildt, E.R., Reis, E.F. and Thuler, R.T. (2001) Influence of Simulated Defolation on the Yield and Other Agronomic Characteristics of Common Bean. Revista Ceres, 48, 17-24.

[14]   Silva, A.L., Veloso, V.R.S., Crispim, C.M.P., Braz, V.C., Santos, L.P. and Carvalho, M.P. (2003) Effect of Leaf Surface Reduction in Common Bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.). Pesquisa Agropecuária Tropical, 33, 83-87.

[15]   Moura, G.M.A. and Mesquita, J.H.L. (1982) Influência do desfolhamento artificial no rendimento de grãos do feijoeiro (Phaseolus vulgaris L.), no Acre. In: Reunião Nacional de Pesquisa de Feijão, EMBRAPA/CNPAF, Goiania, 124-127.

[16]   Fazolin, M. and Estrela, J.L.V. (2003) Effect of Different Levels of Defoliation on Productivity of Common Beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L. cv. Perola). Ciência e Agrotecnologia, 27, 978-984.
https://doi.org/10.1590/S1413-70542003000500002

[17]   Gálvez, G.E., Galindo, J. and Alvarez, G. (1977) Defoliación artificial para estimar perdidas por daños foliares en frijol (Phaseolus vulgaris L.). Turrialba, 27, 143-146.

[18]   Embrapa (2018) Sistema Brasileiro de Classificação de Solos. 5th Edition, revista e ampliada, Embrapa, Brasília.

[19]   Prezotti, L.C., Gomes, J.A., Dadalto, G.G. and Oliveira, J.A. (2017) Manual de Recomendação de Calagem e Adubação para o Estado do Espírito Santo. 5th aproximação. SEEA/INCAPER/CEDAGRO, Vitória, 305.

[20]   Fernández, F., Gepts, P. and Lopes, M. (1985) Etapas de desarollo en la planta de frijol. In: López, M., Fernández, F. and Schoonhoven, A., Eds., Frijol: Investigación y producción, PNUD, CIAT, Cali, 61-78.

[21]   Cruz, C.D. (2016) Genes Software—Extended and Integrated with the R, Matlab and Selegen. Acta Scientiarum Agronomy, 38, 547-552.
https://doi.org/10.4025/actasciagron.v38i3.32629

[22]   Subbarao, G.V., Johansen, A.C., Slinkard, R.C., Rao, N., Saxena, N.P. and Chauhan, Y.S. (1995) Strategies for Improving Drought Resistance in Grain Legumes. Critical Reviews in Plant Sciences, 14, 469-523.
https://doi.org/10.1080/07352689509701933

[23]   Sediyama, T., Pereira, M.G., Sediyama, C.S. and Gomes, J.L.L. (1985)Cultura da soja: 1a parte. UFV, Viçosa, 96.

[24]   Coelho, A.D.F., Fernandes, A.D., Cardoso, A.A., Cruz, C.D., Araújo, G.A.A., Furtado, M.R. and Amaral, C.L.F. (2002) Heritabilities and Correlations of Common Bean Yield and Its Primary Components, in the Spring-Summer and Summer-Fall Cultivation Seasons. Ciência Rural, 32, 211-216.
https://doi.org/10.1590/S0103-84782002000200005

 
 
Top