JWARP  Vol.11 No.7 , July 2019
Evolution and Prospect of Dakar Drinking Water Consumption
Abstract: In Dakar, there has been a considerable deficit in the drinking water supply for more than a decade. The distribution is poorly controlled in this region. And yet, there is no lack of supply sources or solutions. With a drinking water deficit of 300,000 m3/d to fill, the State of Senegal proposed two (02) options: firstly, the construction of a second Plan at Keur Momar Sarr on the Guiers Lake with a capacity of 75,000 m3/d coupled with a third pipeline between Keur Momar Sarr and Thiès (KMS3); secondly, the construction of a seawater desalination Plant with a capacity of 75,000 m3/d. In this article, we studied the evolution of the drinking water consumption and the statistical data relating to population growth, which is the key element in the drinking water consumption evolution in Dakar. We were able to extract the equations from the trend curves that made it possible to predict a population growth. The results obtained with the equations and the curves show that the real needs for drinking water in Dakar are proportional to population growth.
Cite this paper: Camara, N. , Mbaye, I. , Ngom, B. , Sarr, D. and Tamba, S. (2019) Evolution and Prospect of Dakar Drinking Water Consumption. Journal of Water Resource and Protection, 11, 886-895. doi: 10.4236/jwarp.2019.117054.

[1]   Béture-Sétane (1988) Dakar Water Supply Reinforcement.

[2]   Faye, S. (1995) Hydrodynamic Modeling of Aquifers of the North Coast between Kayar and Saint-Louis. The Impact of Future Withdrawals in Connection with the Water Supply in Dakar and Its Surroundings. Dakar.

[3]   Faye, S. (1998) Modeling the Aquifer’s Hydrodynamic Functioning of the Northern Coast of Senegal. Simulation of Additional Samples to Reduce the Deficit of Drinking Water Distribution in the Dakar Region. BRGM Hydrogéologie, 13-22.

[4]   SONES (2012) Hydrochemical Study of the Quaternary Sand Table in Dakar Area.

[5]   SONES (2018) Dakar Special Drinking Water Supply Program.

[6]   COWI-Polyconsult (2009) Control of the Dakar and Subsurbs Production Facilities.

[7]   DGPRE (2012) Basic Data, Resource Needs Assessment and Diagnosis of Existing Facilities.

[8]   SDE (2012) Study Establish Master Plans and Database of Urban Hydraulics.

[9]   ANSD/RGPHAE (2013) Renaming the Population of Senegal.

[10]   ANSD (2015) Report on the Census of Population of the Dakar Region.

[11]   SDE/SONES (2013) Establishment of Master Plan, Phase 2 Report.

[12]   SONES (2007) Mobilization of Alternative Water Resources for Irrigation in the Dakar Region. 79 p.

[13]   Merlin, C. (2010) Drinking Water Supply Project for Cities in the Counties and Littoral Zone. Dakar.

[14]   SETICO/CONCEPT (2013) Possible Variables for Water Resource Mobilization.

[15]   Merlin, C. (2010) Drinking Water Supply Project for the Cities of the Central and Coastal Zones. Dakar, 386 p.