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 JBM  Vol.7 No.6 , June 2019
Clinical Analysis Supports Articulo-Autonomic Dysplasia as a Unifying Pathogenic Mechanism in Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome and Related Conditions
Abstract: Findings in 1656 patients referred for evaluation of Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, 710 evaluated systematically using novel history and physical forms, defined a characteristic clinical pattern termed arthritis-adrenaline disorder, a genus that provides immediate therapy while delineation of particular tissue laxity/dysautonomia species is underway. Preliminary diagnoses, clinical findings, and laboratory results were entered into an MS Excel© database with IRB approval and correlations or statistical significance analyzed using Excel© functions. Frequencies of 80 findings by history and 40 on physical were similar among EDS groups, females paralleling males with more total history (35 versus 23) and physical (18 versus 15) findings. Finding frequencies in joint-skeletal (6.2 of 15) and dysautonomia (11 of 20) subcategories were substantial regardless of age, EDS diagnosis, or referral source, the latter was shown by 6.4 and 13 average findings for cardiology, 5.3 and 8.3 for orthopedic referrals. Early affliction evidenced by history findings averaging 19.5 in those under 12 increased dramatically to 25 for teens and 32 for adults with plateauing at older ages arguing against degenerative disease. Frequent neuromuscular symptoms in females emphasize surrounding muscle support and protection of joint-connective tissue as a key factor in decreased male severity. The congruent clinical profile suggests operation of an articulo-autonomic dysplasia cycle where lax vessels and lower body pooling elicit sympathetic response, autonomic imbalance in turn affecting small nerve fibers and enhancing connective tissue laxity. Recognition of this arthritis-adrenalin disorder can guide management strategies while underlying causes are pursued, among them, physical therapy, exercise, and vitamin D to build muscle/bone strength; lower gluten/dairy and antihistamine protocols for low bowel motility/mast-cell activation; hydration, salt, and exercise for postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome.
Cite this paper: Wilson, G. (2019) Clinical Analysis Supports Articulo-Autonomic Dysplasia as a Unifying Pathogenic Mechanism in Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome and Related Conditions. Journal of Biosciences and Medicines, 7, 149-168. doi: 10.4236/jbm.2019.76010.
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