Back
 JWARP  Vol.11 No.5 , May 2019
Advanced Phosphorus Removal and Needs for Recovery by Enhanced Filtration of Municipal Wastewater
Abstract: The need for an advanced and even far reaching phosphorus removal at municipal WWTPs may soon get stipulations in relation to a reuse of phosphorus (P). This paper discusses the possible ways to remove phosphorous from municipal wastewater. This is already an established demand in many countries. However, as P is a limited raw material, this need for a reuse of P will become an example of what now is labelled “cyclic economy”. For instance, a national demand from the German state is already put in force. In this perspective the advanced filtration techniques will play an interesting role, and most possibly a crucial role. Examples are presented from several municipal WWTPs already in operation with a final polishing treatment step based on chemical precipitation and separation of phosphorus. Typical stable discharge P levels are found at these plants at levels < 0.05 to 0.10 ppm. The new demands on phosphorus recovery will also call for modified process concepts for the WWTP; for instance, a refined biological phosphorus removal (EBP) attains more attention and he needed very low discharge levels of P, where the enhanced P-removal will include different smart filtration techniques.
Cite this paper: Morling, S. and Feldthusen, M. (2019) Advanced Phosphorus Removal and Needs for Recovery by Enhanced Filtration of Municipal Wastewater. Journal of Water Resource and Protection, 11, 626-637. doi: 10.4236/jwarp.2019.115036.
References

[1]   Morling, S. (2019) Swedish Experience and Excellence in Wastewater Treatment Demonstrated Especially in Phosphorus Removal. Journal of Water Resource and Protection, 11, 333-347.
https://doi.org/10.4236/jwarp.2019.113019
http://www.scirp.org/journal/jwarp

[2]   Weichmann, B., Dienemann, C., Kabbe, Ch., Brandt, S., Vogel, I. and Roskosch, A. (2016) Sewage Sludge Management in Germany. Umweltbuntesamt c/o GVP, Bonn, German.

[3]   Kaschka, E. and Weyrer, S. (1999) Phostrip Handbook, Biological Elimination of Phosphorus from Domestic Sewage by Applying the Enhanced Phostrip Process. Fourth Edition.

[4]   Marklund, S. and Morling, S. (1994) Biological Phophorus Removal at Temperatures from 3 to 10 oC—A Full Scale Study of a Sequencing Batch Reactor Unit. Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering, 21, 81-88

[5]   Community of Växjö (2017) Annual Environmental Report for the WWTP at Sundet. Official Report in Swedish regarding the Main Treatment Plant for the Main WWTP Serving the Community.

[6]   Rathnaweera, S.S., Rusten, B., Gjevre, J. and Tranum, I. (2018) Evaluation of Moving Bed Sand Filter to Achieve Very Low Total Phosphorus Limit with Simultaneous Denitrification and Suspended Solids Removal from Municipal Wastewater. Ullensaker Municipality, Jessheim, Norway.

 
 
Top