JWARP  Vol.11 No.5 , May 2019
Advanced Phosphorus Removal and Needs for Recovery by Enhanced Filtration of Municipal Wastewater
Abstract: The need for an advanced and even far reaching phosphorus removal at municipal WWTPs may soon get stipulations in relation to a reuse of phosphorus (P). This paper discusses the possible ways to remove phosphorous from municipal wastewater. This is already an established demand in many countries. However, as P is a limited raw material, this need for a reuse of P will become an example of what now is labelled “cyclic economy”. For instance, a national demand from the German state is already put in force. In this perspective the advanced filtration techniques will play an interesting role, and most possibly a crucial role. Examples are presented from several municipal WWTPs already in operation with a final polishing treatment step based on chemical precipitation and separation of phosphorus. Typical stable discharge P levels are found at these plants at levels < 0.05 to 0.10 ppm. The new demands on phosphorus recovery will also call for modified process concepts for the WWTP; for instance, a refined biological phosphorus removal (EBP) attains more attention and he needed very low discharge levels of P, where the enhanced P-removal will include different smart filtration techniques.
Cite this paper: Morling, S. and Feldthusen, M. (2019) Advanced Phosphorus Removal and Needs for Recovery by Enhanced Filtration of Municipal Wastewater. Journal of Water Resource and Protection, 11, 626-637. doi: 10.4236/jwarp.2019.115036.

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