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 AiM  Vol.9 No.5 , May 2019
N-Acylhomoserine Lactones (AHLs), QseB/C Gene Detection, Virulence Factors and Antibiotics Resistance of Aeromonas hydrophila
Abstract: The aim of this research was to detect the N-acyl homoserine lactones (AHLs) production and QseB/C gene of Aeromonas hydrophila. We analyzed the potentials of these isolates of Aeromonas hydrophila in causing biofilm formation, hemolysis, protease, and lipase. The antibiotic susceptibility of the 15 Aeromonas hydrophila isolates was also investigated. The detection of AHLs was carried out using the Chromobacterium violaceum strain CV026 as biosensors. The isolated strains were tested for the reaction of C. violaceum CV026 by cross-streaking on an agar plate. Production of AHLs was determined by the diffusing via the agar plates and the tinge of the biosensor strains. All isolated strains produced AHLs. A polymerase chain reaction (PCR) showed the isolated strains had qseB and qseC genes. Susceptibility tests of A. hydrophila isolates were administered against 25 different antibiotic disks representing 12 classes of antibiotics. The strains were highly resistant to β-Lactam with 96.7% showing resistibility, whereas 97.7% susceptibility was found towards Aminoglycoside class of the antibiotic used. 60% showed intermediate resistant to Polypeptide. 100% of the strains showed no resistant to Aminoglycoside, Polypeptide, Monobactam, and Carbapenems class of antibiotics. Each of the isolates was found to be associated with at least one virulent factor. Our results clearly demonstrated that there is a presence of QseB/C genes in A. hydrophila and also produces AHLs molecule and virulence factors. The investigated isolates showed the pathogenic potential of Aeromonas hydrophila which makes it a serious threat to public health.
Cite this paper: Sarkodie, E.K, Zhou, S. and Chu, W. (2019) N-Acylhomoserine Lactones (AHLs), QseB/C Gene Detection, Virulence Factors and Antibiotics Resistance of Aeromonas hydrophila. Advances in Microbiology, 9, 495-506. doi: 10.4236/aim.2019.95030.
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