AiM  Vol.9 No.5 , May 2019
Production of Xylanase and β-Xylosidase Enzymes by Pseudozyma hubeiensis in Solid State Fermentation
Abstract: Xylanase is an important enzyme with potential application in the degradation of xylan component in the lignocellulosic biomass. There are very few reports on the production of cellulase free xylanases especially by yeast strains which have great potential in paper and pulp industry in removing the hemicellulose from the treated or untreated pulp. In this study, P. hubeiensis NCIM 3574 isolated in our laboratory produced significant levels of extracellular cellulase free xylanase (2480 IU/g DSS) in solid state fermentation (SSF) using wheat bran and xylan. It also produced high levels of β-xylosidase (198 IU/g DSS) when grown in SSF using ground nut oil cake and xylan. These highest activities were obtained when fermented Koji was extracted with 1% NaCl supplemented with 0.5% of Triton X-100. These are the highest activities reported so far from yeast strains in the available literature. The crude xylanase preparation of P. hubeiensis produced xylooligosaccharides (XOS) without xylose proving its potential for XOS production with no further requirement of downstream processing. The XOS as prebiotic show beneficial effect on gut microflora such as Lactobacilli and Bifidobacteria which suppress the activity of pathogenic organisms. This xylanase also has a potential application as a bio-bleaching agent in paper and pulp industry.
Cite this paper: Mhetras, N. , Mapare, V. and Gokhale, D. (2019) Production of Xylanase and β-Xylosidase Enzymes by Pseudozyma hubeiensis in Solid State Fermentation. Advances in Microbiology, 9, 467-478. doi: 10.4236/aim.2019.95028.

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