JWARP  Vol.11 No.5 , May 2019
Transport of Phenol in BS-12 Modified Lou Soil in the Column Experiment: Effect of Concentrations, pH and Ionic Strength
Abstract: Lou soil was modified by amphoteric surfactant in column experiment which was conducted. This study attempts to explore the transport of phenol to unmodified and modified soil and inquire into the effect of concentrations, pH, and ionic strength on phenol migration in the soil column. The parameters and breakthrough curves (BTCs) of transport were fitted by using the CXTFIT (version 2.1) model. The result of Cl−’s BTCs for non-reactive by determining the equilibrium model (EM) showed the retardation factor which was smaller than 1. The result of phenol’s BTCs by determining non-equilibrium model (NEM) was shown that the R-value increased while modification ratio increased, and the R was in order of CK (1.337) < 50BS-12 (4.085) < 100BS-12 (7.048). The lower to higher concentration of phenol didn’t affect to CK and 100BS-12 was able to block higher concentration. The effect of pH on transport to CK and 100BS-12 didn’t react and the average pore water velocity was decreased at pH = 4. The decreasing ionic strength of phenol migration on CK and 100BS-12 had effect and the average pore water velocity and retardation factor also decreased. The residual retention in soil was in order of CK < 50BS-12 < 100BS-12, and 100BS-12 could hold the amount of phenol than CK 7.21 times. Thus, amphoteric modified lou soil definitely blocks phenol migration and controls groundwater pollution.
Cite this paper: Yek, S. , Zhang, L. , Meng, Z. , Heng, S. , Bu, S. , Lu, H. and Zhang, M. (2019) Transport of Phenol in BS-12 Modified Lou Soil in the Column Experiment: Effect of Concentrations, pH and Ionic Strength. Journal of Water Resource and Protection, 11, 540-553. doi: 10.4236/jwarp.2019.115031.

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