Back
 JBM  Vol.7 No.5 , May 2019
Model for Assessment of Child Mortality under Different Parity: A Bayesian Swatch
Abstract: In this study a model is conceptualized to measure the child mortality under different parity of women such that a better strategy can be formulated to bring down mortality rates. In the estimation of probability of child mortality some socio demographic variables are taken in consideration. The estimates are obtained under Bayesian procedure. Two different models are formulated for it and model fitting is observed by graphical approach along with the chi square test. First model is betabinomial and second is binomial regression model. Second model shows the better fit on the data. The estimate of probability of child mortality at higher parities namely, parity 3, parity 4 and parity 5 were obtained as 0.06, 0.09 and 0.13 respectively on the basis of the second model.
Cite this paper: Tripathi, A. , Singh, G. and Singh, A. (2019) Model for Assessment of Child Mortality under Different Parity: A Bayesian Swatch. Journal of Biosciences and Medicines, 7, 113-126. doi: 10.4236/jbm.2019.75014.
References

[1]   Keyfitz, N. (1977) Introduction to the Mathematics of the Population with Revisions. Addition-Wesley Publishing Company, Boston.

[2]   Cheo, M.K. (1981) Fitting of Age Pattern of Infant and Child Mortality with the Weibull Survival Function. Asian and Pacific Census Forum, 7, 10-13.

[3]   Hobcraft, J.N., Mc Donald, J.W. and Rustein, S.O. (1984) Socio-Economic Factors in Child Mortality, a Cross-National Comparison. Population Studies, 38, 193-223.
https://doi.org/10.1080/00324728.1984.10410286

[4]   Krishnan, P. and Jin, Y. (1993) A Statistical Model for Infant Mortality. Janasamkhya, 11, 67-71.

[5]   Singh, K.K., Pandey, N. and Gautam, A. (2008) A Probability Model for Describing the Distribution of Child Death and Its Application. In: Singh, K.K., Yadava, R.C. and Pandey, A., Eds., Population Poverty & Health: Analytical Approaches, Hindustan Publishing Corporation (India), New Delhi, 146-155.

[6]   Uddin, J., et al. (2008) Child Mortality in a Developing Country: A Statistical Analysis. Journal of Applied Quantitative Methods, 4, 271-283.

[7]   Bhattacharyya, R. and Rao, A.S.R.S. (2009) Estimation and Analysis of Child Mortality for Indian States through a Bayesian Approach.
https://paa2010.princeton.edu/papers/101457

[8]   Gemperli, A. (2004) Spatial Patterns of Infant Mortality in Mali: The Effect of Malaria Endemicity. American Journal of Epidemiology, 159, 64-72.
https://doi.org/10.1093/aje/kwh001

[9]   Kandala, et al. (2002) Geo-Additive Models of Child Hood under Nutrition in Three Sub Saharan African Countries. SFB 386, Discussion Paper-287, University of Munich, Munich.
https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.321043

[10]   Koissi, M.C. and Hogan’s, G. (2005) Using WinBUGS to Study Family Frailty in Child Mortality with an Application to Child Survival in Ivory Coast. African Population Studies, 20, 1-27.
https://doi.org/10.11564/20-1-384

[11]   Rahul, et al. (2007) Population Projection of India Using MCMC Technique: A WinBUGS Implementation. Demography India, 36, 145-154.

[12]   International Institute for Population Sciences on Sample Basis (2007-2008) DLHS-3 District Level Health Survey.

[13]   Hossain, M.Z., Yadva, K.N.S. and Hossain, M.K. (2002) Determinants of Infant and Child Mortality in Bangladesh. Journal of Statistical Studies, 22, 1-12.

[14]   Bhalotra, et al. (2010) The Puzzle of Muslim Advantage in Child Survival in India. Journal of Health Economics, 29, 191-204.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhealeco.2009.11.002

[15]   Geruso, M. and Spears, D. (2014) Sanitation and Health Externalities: Resolving the Muslim Mortality Paradox. Working Paper, University of Texas, Austin.

[16]   Basu, A.M., et al. (2007) Religious Differentials in Child Survival in India: Some Unexpected Findings. Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America, New York, 30 March 2007.
https://paa2007.princeton.edu/docs/PAA2007PreliminaryProgram.pdf

[17]   Maitra, P. (2004) Parental Bargaining, Health Inputs and Child Mortality in India. Journal of Health Economics, 23, 259-291.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhealeco.2003.09.002

[18]   Kravdal, O. (2004) Child Mortality in India: The Community Level Effect of Education. Population Studies, 58, 177-192.
https://doi.org/10.1080/0032472042000213721

[19]   Gyimah, S.O. (2002) Ethnicity and Infant Mortality in Sub Saharan Africa: The Case of Ghana. Discussion Paper No. 02-10, Population Studies Centre, University of Western Ontario, London.

[20]   Hill, A. (1991) Infant and Child Mortality: Levels, Trends and Data Deficiencies. In: Diseases and Mortality in Sub Saharan Africa, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 37-74.

[21]   Godson, M.C. and Nnamedi, M.J. (2012) Environmental Determinants of Child Mortality in Nigeria. Journal of Sustainable Development, 5, 65-75.
https://doi.org/10.5539/jsd.v5n1p65

 
 
Top