Back
 AS  Vol.10 No.4 , April 2019
Evaluation of Piper guineense in the Control of Cowpea Storage Weevils: Implication for Sustainable Credit Advancement
Abstract: The Central Bank of Nigeria Anchored Borrowers Programme efforts geared towards massive production of cowpea and sustainable food security is challenged with post-harvest losses especially due to insect pest infestation in storage. So also, chemical method of pest control posed more health and ecological challenges than food insecurity. This work investigated the effect of Piper guineense on cowpea storage weevil at the agronomy laboratory of the Lagos State Polytechnic, Ikorodu. Contact toxicity of P. guineense at 0.2, 0.4, 0.6, 0.8 and 1 g per 20 g of cowpea seeds in test tubes including a control was observed. The treatment materials exhibited significant efficacy from 24 hours after infestation. P. guineense at 1 g concentration significantly reduced the oviposition potential, egg hatching rate, holes and emergence of adult Callosobruchus maculatus on treated seeds. The powders caused chronic toxicity and inhibit development. All the responses were found to be concentration dependent. Increasing rates of P. guineense increased performance. The implication of these results is discussed and recommendations proffered.
Cite this paper: Benson, G. , Joda, A. , Sosanya, O. and Tokoya, B. (2019) Evaluation of Piper guineense in the Control of Cowpea Storage Weevils: Implication for Sustainable Credit Advancement. Agricultural Sciences, 10, 530-537. doi: 10.4236/as.2019.104042.
References

[1]   Langyintuo, A.S., Lowenberg, J., Faye, M., Lambert, D., Ibro, G. and Moussa, B., (2003) Cowpea Supply and Demand in West and Central Africa. Field Crops Research, 82, 215-231.
https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-4290(03)00039-X

[2]   Oche, J.T. (2018) Nirsal, CBN and Anchor Borrowers Programme.
https://www.sunnewsonline.com/nirsal-cbn-and-anchor-borrowers-programme/

[3]   Oparaeke, A.M. and Daria, V.S. (2005) Toxicity of Some Plant Powders to Callosobruchus maculatus (Fab.) on Stored Cowpea. Nigeria Journal of Entomology, 22, 76-83.

[4]   Umeozor, O.C. (2001) Piper guineense (Thonn.) as a Protectant of Melon (Citrulus vulgaris (Schard) against Merchant Beetle Oryzaephilus mercator (Fauvel) (Coleoptera: Silvanidae): A Laboratory Evaluation. Nigerian Journal of Entomology, 18, 88-94.

[5]   Golob, P., Farrell, G. and John, E. (2008) Crop Post-Harvest: Science and Technology, Vol. 1: Principles and Practice. Wiley-Blackwell, Hoboken, NJ, 548.

[6]   Islam, W., Rasool, A. and Wu, Z. (2016) Inhibitory Effects of Medicinal Plant Extracts against Tribolium castaneum (Herbst.) (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae). Mayfeb Journal of Agricultural Science, 3, 15-20.

[7]   Okonkwo, E.U. and Okoye, W.I. (2001) Insecticide Activity of Dennettia tripetala B and Piper guineense Schum and Thonn against Dermestes maculatus Degeer (Coleoptera: Dermastidae) and Necrobia rufipes Degeer (Coleoptera: Cleridae) on Dried Fish. Nigerian Journal of Entomology, 18, 109-117.

[8]   Benson, G.A.S., Ofuya, T.I., Aladesanwa, R.D. and Okeowo, T.A. (2015) Biocide Application in Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L. Moench) Production and Implications for Profitabilty in South Western Nigeria. International Journal of Applied research and Technology, 4, 3-9.

[9]   Benson, G.A.S. (2017) Efficacy of Selected Synthetic Insecticides and Botanicals for the Control of Insect Pests on Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L. Moench). International Journal of Forestry and Horticulture, 3, 1-5.

[10]   Abila, B.A., Richens, J.A. and Davies, D.A. (1993) Anticonvulsant Effects of Extracts of the West African Black Pepper, Piper guineense. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 39, 113-117.

[11]   Platel, K. and Sinnivasan, K. (2000) Influence of Digestive Spices and Their Active Principles on Pancreatic Digestive Enzymes in Albino Rats. Nahrung, 44, 42-46.
https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1521-3803(20000101)44:1<42::AID-FOOD42>3.0.CO;2-D

[12]   Olotuah, O.K., Ofuya, T.I. and Aladesanwa, R.D. (2007) Effect of Particle Size on Insecticidal Activity of Dust of Eugenia aromatica and Piper guineense against Callosobruchus maculatus. Nigeria Journal of Plant Protection, 24, 34-39.

[13]   Okonkwo, E.U. and Okoye, W.I. (1996) The Efficacy of Four Seed Powders and Their Essential Oils as Protectants of Cowpea and Maize Grains against Infestation by Callosobruchus maculates (Fabricius) (Coleoptera: Bruchidae) and Sitophilus zeamais (Motschulsky) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in Nigeria. International Journal of Pest Management, 42, 143-146.
https://doi.org/10.1080/09670879609371985

[14]   Adedire, C.O. and Lajide, L. (1999) Toxicity and Oviposition Deterrence of Some Plants Extracts on Cowpea Storage Bruchid, Callosobruchus maculates Fabricius. Journal of Plant Diseases and Protection, 106, 647-653.

[15]   Ofuya, T.I. (2001) Biology, Ecology and Control of Insect Pests of Stored Legumes in Nigeria. In: Ofuya, T.I. and Lale, N.E.S., Eds., Pests of Stored Cereals and Pulses in Nigeria, Dave Collins Publication, Nigeria, 24-58.

[16]   Ofuya, T.I. and Dawodu, E.O. (2002) Aspects of Insecticidal Action of Piper guineense Schum and Thonn Fruit Powders against Callosobruchus maculatus (F.) (Coleoptera: Bruchidae). Nigerian Journal of Entomology, 19, 40-50.

[17]   Asawalam, E.F. and Emosairue, S.O. (2006) Comparative Efficacy of Pepper Piper guineense (Schum and Thonn) Powder and Pirimiphos methyl Dust against Sitophilus zeamais Motsch (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in Stored Maize. Nigerian Journal of Entomology, 23, 30-33.

[18]   Asawalam, E.F., Emosairue, S.O., Ekeleme, F. and Wokocha, R. (2007) Efficacy of Piper guineense (Schum and Thonn) Seed Extract against Maize Weevil Sitophilus zeamais (Motschulsky) as Influenced by Different Extraction Solvents. International Journal of Pest Management, 53, 1-6.
https://doi.org/10.1080/09670870600968784

[19]   Kabeh, J.D. and Jalingo, M.G.D.S. (2007) Pesticidal Effect of Bitter Leaf Plant Vernonia amygdalina (Compositae) Leaves and Pirimiphos methyl on Larvae of Callosobruchus maculatus (Coleoptera: Bruchidae) and Sitophilus zeamais (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). International Journal of Agriculture and Biology, 9, 452-454.

[20]   Fasakin, E.A. and Aberejo, B.A. (2002) Effect of Some Pulverized Plant Materials on the Developmental Stages of Fish Beetle, Dermestes maculates Degeer in Smoked Catfish (Clarias gariepinus) during Storage. Bioresource Technology, 85, 173-177.
https://doi.org/10.1016/S0960-8524(02)00058-5

[21]   Adedire, C.O. and Ajayi, T.S. (1996) Assessment of the Insecticidal Properties of Some Plant Extracts as Grain Protectant against the Maize Weevil S. zeamais Motschulsky. Nigerian Journal of Entomology, 13, 93-101.

 
 
Top