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 AiM  Vol.9 No.4 , April 2019
Isolation and Characterization of Lactic Acid Bacteria Producing Bacteriocin like Inhibitory Substance (BLIS) from “Gappal”, a Dairy Product from Burkina Faso
Abstract: Indigenous fermented foods are known for their nutritional and functional properties but they are often spoiled by pathogenic bacteria that can constitute a food safety problem. “Gappal” is a no-thermal treat food based on millet dough and milk and its production conditions can constitute a food safety problem. The aim of this study was to screen and identify LAB producing Bacteriocin-like inhibitory substances using a matrix similar to “Gappal”. The detection of potential BLIS was first performed using overlaid method after enrichment of samples in whey and millet dough. The isolates demonstrating inhibiting area were preselected, purified and tested for the presence of antibacterial properties using their neutralized cell-free culture supernatant and subsequently treated with catalase in combination with protease, pepsin or trypsin. The antimicrobial effect of two isolates (Gbf48 and Gbf50) after growth on MRS broth over 12 h at 30˚C were active against E. faecalis ATCC 19433, M. luteus ATCC 49732, S. aureus ATCC 2523, L. monocytogenes, B. megaterium, B. sphaericus and B. cereus with an activity of 2560 AU/mL. The 16S RNA gene sequencing identification indicated that these isolates are Pediococcus acidilactici. Gbf 48 and Gbf 50 could be used to improve preservative factors for a controlled fermentation of non thermal treatment fermented food for their potential of acidification adds to BLIS production.
Cite this paper: Tankoano, A. , Diop, M. , Sawadogo-Lingani, H. , Mbengue, M. , Kaboré, D. , Traoré, Y. and Savadogo, A. (2019) Isolation and Characterization of Lactic Acid Bacteria Producing Bacteriocin like Inhibitory Substance (BLIS) from “Gappal”, a Dairy Product from Burkina Faso. Advances in Microbiology, 9, 343-358. doi: 10.4236/aim.2019.94020.
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