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 AS  Vol.10 No.4 , April 2019
Effects of Meteorological Factors on the Yield and Quality of Special Rice in Different Periods after Anthesis
Abstract: In order to investigate the effect of meteorological factors on the yield and quality of special rice during the filling stage, an experiment was conducted with 10 special rice varieties which were planted in three different regions during spring 2017. The results showed that the quality traits and yields from different regions of the same variety were different, which reached up to a significant level in most varieties. Among the quality traits, the grain chalkiness rate and chalkiness degree were the most sensitive to different climatic factors, and changes were found among them in different regions, while minor variation was found between brown rice rate and white rice rate. The parameters that were severely affected by temperature were gel consistency, gelatinization temperature, brown rice rate and yield during the filling stage. The critically affected factors by heat were brown rice rate, protein content, essential amino acid and amylose content while brown rice rate, chalkiness rate and gelatinization temperature were substantially affected by water factors. Grain yield and quality were closely related to meteorological factors on different stages after heading. Our results revealed that yield and quality of special rice were significantly influenced by meteorological factors during the grain filling stage.
Cite this paper: Xuan, Y. , Yi, Y. , Liang, H. , Wei, S. , Jiang, L. , Ali, I. , Ullah, S. and Zhao, Q. (2019) Effects of Meteorological Factors on the Yield and Quality of Special Rice in Different Periods after Anthesis. Agricultural Sciences, 10, 451-475. doi: 10.4236/as.2019.104036.
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