Back
 JBM  Vol.7 No.4 , April 2019
Familial Background as a Hidden Cause for Obesity among College Going Girls
Abstract: Background: Rapid changes in global economies and industrialization have resulted in switch from traditional diets and labor intensive life- to consumption of modern calorierich diets loaded with fat and sugar contents, accompanied with sedentary life further leading to onset of numerous non-communicable, chronic disorders; obesity being one of them. This study aims at investigating risk posed by family history of obesity over the generations for inducing extreme overweight conditions among adolescent females of Delhi. Methods: Present work is a cross-sectional study conducted in Delhi (India) with sample size of 444 females aged between 18 - 22 years. Socio-demographic aspect along with life -related profile of participants was assessed using a self-administered proforma. Prior history of obesity among family members, if any, was noted as well, and anthropometric and physiologic measurements were recorded using well established customary techniques. Analysis was carried out in SPSS 20.0. Results: Participants holding a history for obesity in family were comparatively more obese than their counterparts. Positive family history for the same has been found possessing a notably closer association with elevated levels of adiposity determined by various physical and physiological variables. Conclusion: Family history of excessive fatness develops high risk of pathological manifestation for the same in upcoming generations that needs to be administered effectively—at individual or population level, and addressed efficiently by one’s family or by the prevailing governmental provisions.
Cite this paper: Mangla, A. , Dhamija, N. , Gupta, U. and Dhall, M. (2019) Familial Background as a Hidden Cause for Obesity among College Going Girls. Journal of Biosciences and Medicines, 7, 1-13. doi: 10.4236/jbm.2019.74001.
References

[1]   Van der Sande, M.A., Walraven, G.E., Milligan, P.J., Banya, W.A., Ceesay, S.M., Nyan, O.A. and McAdam, K.P. (2001) Family History: An Opportunity for Early Interventions and Improved Control of Hypertension, Obesity and Diabetes. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 79, 321-328.

[2]   Saunders, T.J., Tremblay, M.S., Mathieu, M.è., Henderson, M., O’Loughlin, J., Tremblay, A., Chaput, J.P. and Quality Cohort Research Group (2013) Associations of Sedentary Behavior, Sedentary Bouts and Breaks in Sedentary Time with Cardiometabolic Risk in Children with a Family History of Obesity. PLoS ONE, 8, e79143.
https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0079143

[3]   Paradis, A.M., Pérusse, L., Godin, G. and Vohl, M.C. (2008) Validity of a Self-Reported Measure of Familial History of Obesity. Nutrition Journal, 7, 27.
https://doi.org/10.1186/1475-2891-7-27

[4]   Mungreiphy, N.K., Dhall, M., Tyagi, R., Saluja, K., Kumar, A., Tungdim, M.G., Sinha, R., Rongmei, K.S., Tandon, K., Bhardwaj, S. and Kapoor, A.K. (2012) Ethnicity, Obesity and Health Pattern among Indian Population. Journal of Natural Science, Biology, and Medicine, 3, 52-59.
https://doi.org/10.4103/0976-9668.95955

[5]   Pongen, I., Dhall, M. and Kapoor, S. (2016) Occupation, Physical Fitness and Adiposity Markers among Security Guards and Students of Delhi University. Health, 8, 978-985.
https://doi.org/10.4236/health.2016.810101

[6]   Dhall, M. and Kapoor, S. (2018) Dynamism of Physical Activity and Lifestyle Diseases. Dhanraj Book House, Delhi, India.

[7]   Eisenmann, J.C. (2006) Insight into the Causes of the Recent Secular Trend in Pediatric Obesity: Common Sense Does Not Always Prevail for Complex, Multi-Factorial Phenotypes. Preventive Medicine, 42, 329-335.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2006.02.002

[8]   Kapoor, S., Sinha, R., Tandon, K., Gupta, S., Bhasin, P., Verma, D. and Dhall, M. (2013) Development of Obesity over Four Decades among North Indian Females. Eurasian Journal of Anthropology, 4, 16-22.

[9]   Wiklund, P. (2016) The Role of Physical Activity and Exercise in Obesity and Weight Management: Time for Critical Appraisal. Journal of Sport and Health Science, 5, 151-154.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jshs.2016.04.001

[10]   Agha, M. and Agha, R. (2017) The Rising Prevalence of Obesity: Part A: Impact on Public Health. International Journal of Surgical Oncology, 2, e17.

[11]   Government Office for Science (2009) Tackling Obesities: Future Choices—Modelling Future Trends in obesity & Their Impact on Health.
www.bis.gov.uk/assets/bispartners/foresight/docs/obesity/14.pdf

[12]   Kapoor, S., Singh, I.P. and Bharadwaj, H. (1980) Body Fat and Fat-Free Mass Assessed by Densitometric and Anthropometric Techniques in Adult Indian Women. Zeitschrift fuer Morphologie und Anthropologie, 71, 274-284.

[13]   Sinha, R. and Kapoor, S. (2006) Parent-Child Correlation for Various Indices of Adiposity in an Endogamous Indian Population. Collegium Antropologicum, 30, 291-296.

[14]   Gupta, S. and Kapoor, S. (2012) Gender Differences in Familial Aggregation of Adiposity Traits in Aggarwal Baniya Families. Eurasian Journal of Anthropology, 2, 85-95.

[15]   Watt, G.C.M. (1994) Strengths and Weaknesses of Family Studies of High Blood Pressure. Journal of Human Hypertension, 8, 327-328.

[16]   Rao, G.H.R. (2018) Fitness, Lifestyle Changes, and Wellness: Cardiometabolic Health. Cardiology, 2, Article ID: 000132.

[17]   Weiner, J.S. and Lourie, J.A. (1969) Human Biology. A Guide to Field Methods. IBP Handbook, No. 9. Blackwell Scientific Publishers, Oxford.

[18]   Shavers, L.G. (1982) Essentials of Exercise Physiology. Surjeet Publications, Delhi, India.

[19]   Who, E.C. (2004) Appropriate Body-Mass Index for Asian Populations and Its Implications for Policy and Intervention Strategies. Lancet, 363, 157-163.
https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(03)15268-3

[20]   Willett, W.C., Dietz, W.H. and Colditz, G.A. (1999) Guidelines for Healthy Weight. New England Journal of Medicine, 341, 427-434.
https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJM199908053410607

[21]   Ashwell, M. and Hsieh, S.D. (2005) Six Reasons Why the Waist-to-Height Ratio Is a Rapid and Effective Global Indicator for Health Risks of Obesity and Its Use Could Simplify the International Public Health Message on Obesity. International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, 56, 303-307.
https://doi.org/10.1080/09637480500195066

[22]   Alberti, K.G.M.M., Eckel, R.H., Grundy, S.M., Zimmet, P.Z., Cleeman, J.I., Donato, K.A., Fruchart, J.C., James, W.P.T., Loria, C.M. and Smith Jr., S.C. (2009) Harmonizing the Metabolic Syndrome: A Joint Interim Statement of the International Diabetes Federation Task Force on Epidemiology and Prevention. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, American Heart Association, World Heart Federation, International Atherosclerosis Society, and International Association for the Study of Obesity. Circulation, 120, 1640-1645.
https://doi.org/10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.109.192644

[23]   Dua, S., Bhuker, M., Sharma, P., Dhall, M. and Kapoor, S. (2014) Body Mass Index Relates to Blood Pressure among Adults. North American Journal of Medical Sciences, 6, 89-95.
https://doi.org/10.4103/1947-2714.127751

[24]   Reilly, J.J., El-Hamdouchi, A., Diouf, A., Monyeki, A. and Somda, S.A. (2018) Determining the Worldwide Prevalence of Obesity. The Lancet, 391, 1773-1774.
https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(18)30794-3

[25]   Reuter, C.P., Burgos, M.S., Bernhard, J.C., Tornquist, D., Klinger, E.I., Borges, T.S., Renner, J.D.P., Valim, A.R.D.M. and Mello, E.D.D. (2016) Association between Overweight and Obesity in School-children with rs9939609 Polymorphism (FTO) and Family History for Obesity. Jornal de Pediatria, 92, 493-498.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jped.2015.11.005

[26]   Cecil, J.E., Tavendale, R., Watt, P., Hetherington, M.M. and Palmer, C.N. (2008) An Obesity-Associated FTO Gene Variant and Increased Energy Intake in Children. New England Journal of Medicine, 359, 2558-2566.
https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMoa0803839

[27]   Wee, C.C., Phillips, R.S., Legedza, A.T., Davis, R.B., Soukup, J.R., Colditz, G.A. and Hamel, M.B. (2005) Health Care Expenditures Associated with Overweight and Obesity among US Adults: Importance of Age and Race. American Journal of Public Health, 95, 159-165.
https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2003.027946

[28]   De Luis, D.A., Aller, R., Conde, R., Izaola, O., De la Fuente, B., González Sagrado, M., Primo, D. and Ruiz Mambrilla, M. (2012) Relación del polimorfismo rs9939609 del gen FTO con factores de riesgo cardiovascular y niveles de adipocitoquinas en pacientes con obesidad mórbida. Nutrición Hospitalaria, 27, 1184-1189.

[29]   Lima, W.A., Glaner, M.F. and Taylor, A.P. (2010) Fenótipo da gordura, fatores associados e o polimorfismo rs9939609 do gene FTO. Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano, 12, 164-72.

[30]   Keane, E., Layte, R., Harrington, J., Kearney, P.M. and Perry, I.J. (2012) Measured Parental Weight Status and Familial Socio-Economic Status Correlates with Childhood Overweight and Obesity at Age 9. PLoS ONE, 7, e43503.
https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0043503

[31]   Owen, M.J. (2006) Genes and Behavior: Nature-Nurture Interplay Explained by Michael Rutter. Blackwell, Oxford, 272 p.

[32]   Mangla, A.G., Dhamija, N., Gupta, U. and Dhall, M. (2019) Lifestyle Trends and Obesity among College Going Girls of Delhi. Health, 11, 201-210.
https://doi.org/10.4236/health.2019.112018

[33]   Coleman, R., Gill, G. and Wilkinson, D. (1998) Non Communicable Disease Management in Resource-Poor Settings: A Primary Care Model from Rural South Africa. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 76, 633-640.

 
 
Top