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 IJMPCERO  Vol.8 No.2 , May 2019
Evaluation of Daily Tumor Motion by Measuring Fiducial Length on CBCT Images in Pancreatic Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy
Abstract:
We investigated the feasibility of measuring daily fiducial length on cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) images to assess the variation in daily tumor motion for pancreatic SBRT. Motion data for fifty pancreatic SBRT patients with fiducials were analyzed retrospectively to determine the tumor motion statistics. We also performed a phantom study which involved motion analysis of three gold fiducials placed around a solid target inside the Quasar Phantom as a function of variable tumor motion and breathing period. The end-exhalation CT-50 images were compared with the CBCT images acquired prior to treatment delivery on a TrueBeam STx linear accelerator. Sinusoidal tumor motion and patients’ breathing files acquired from a Varian-RPM system were used to simulate patients’ breathing patterns. The fiducial length was measured to determine its correlation with tumor motion. Patient tumor motions along the superior-inferior (SI), anterior-posterior (AP), and left-right (LR) directions were found to be 0.7 ± 0.4 cm, 0.2 ± 0.3 cm, and 0.1 ± 0.2 cm, respectively. Average breathing period was 4.3 ± 0.8 seconds. For sinusoidal and patients’ breathing patterns, a significant correlation was observed between the fiducial length and tumor motions with R2 of 0.99. However, fiducial length was found to be independent of the variation in breathing periods. This work suggests that measuring the fiducial length on daily CBCT images could provide quantitative daily tumor motion for fiducial-based pancreatic SBRT. A timely decision to modify the motion management strategy could be made prior to daily treatment delivery.
Cite this paper: Jang, S. , Hwang, M. , Lalonde, R. , Heron, D. and Huq, M. (2019) Evaluation of Daily Tumor Motion by Measuring Fiducial Length on CBCT Images in Pancreatic Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy. International Journal of Medical Physics, Clinical Engineering and Radiation Oncology, 8, 68-79. doi: 10.4236/ijmpcero.2019.82007.
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