ABSTRACT The dynamic mechanism of characteristics of upper echelons has not been discussed in depth. This article analyzes the dynamic mechanism of cognitive and emotional characteristics deeply based on the connotation and dynamic properties of them. Through analysis by introducing the relevant theory of topology, the existence of partial equilibrium and general equilibrium in the dynamic interaction between top echelons’ characteristics has been found. The paper reveals the dynamic mechanism of characteristics of upper echelons.
Cite this paper
nullY. Chen, Y. Ge and L. Dai, "Research on the Dynamic Mechanism of Characteristics of Upper Echelons," iBusiness, Vol. 3 No. 4, 2011, pp. 359-365. doi: 10.4236/ib.2011.34048.
 G. H. Mead, “Mind,” University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 1934.
 H. Blumer, “Symbolic Interactionism: Perspective and Method,” University of California Press, Berkeley, 1986.
 D. D. Wang, “Remember ‘the Future’: The Sociology of Knowledge by Economists,” Social Sciences Academic Press, Beijing, 2001.
 D. Kahneman, “Attention and Effort,” Prentice-Hall, Englewoods Cliffs, 1973.
 E. R. Smith, C. R. Seger and D. M. Mackie, “Can Emotions Be Truly Group Level? Evidence Regarding Four Conceptual Criteria,” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol. 93, No. 3, 2007, pp. 431-446.
 M. A. Carpenter, M. A. Geletkanycz and W. G. Sanders, “Upper Echelons Research Revisited: Antecedents, Elements, and Consequences of Top Management Team Composition,” Journal of Management, Vol. 30, No. 6, 2004, pp. 749-778. doi:10.1016/j.jm.2004.06.001
 D. C. Hambrick, “Upper Echelons Theory: An Update,” Academy of Management Review, Vol. 32, No. 2, 2007, pp. 334-343. doi:10.5465/AMR.2007.24345254
 I. Goll, N. B. Johnson and A. A. Rasheed, “Top Management Team Demographic Characteristics, Business Strategy, and Firm Performance in the US Airline,” Management Decision, Vol. 46, No. 2, 2008, pp. 201- 222.
 A. A. Cannella, J. H. Park and H. U. Lee, “Top Management Team Functional Background Diversity and Firm Performance: Examining the Roles of Team Member Colocation and Environmental Uncertainty,” Academy of Management Journal, Vol. 51, No. 4, 2008, pp. 768-784.
 K. G. Smith, K. A. Smith, J. D. Olian, H. P. Sims, D. P. O’bannon and J. A. Scully, “Top Management Team Demography and Process: The Role of Social Integration and Communication,” Administrative Science Quarterly, Vol. 39, No. 3, 1994, pp. 412-438.
 T. Simons, L. H. Pelled and K. A. Smith, “Making Use of Difference: Diversity, Debate, and Decision Comprehensiveness in Top Management Teams,” Academy of Management Journal, Vol. 42, No. 6, 1999, pp. 662-673.
 R. L. Priem, D. W. Lyon and G. G. Dess, “Inherent Limitations of Demographic Proxies in Top Management Team Heterogeneity Research,” Journal of Management, Vol. 25, No. 6, 1999, pp. 935-953.