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 AJAC  Vol.2 No.8 , December 2011
Optimization of Analytical Conditions to Determine Steroids and Pharmaceuticals Drugs in Water Samples Using Solid Phase-Extraction and HPLC
Abstract: Two reliable methods were optimized to determine two steroids (17?-Estradiol and 17?-Ethinylestradiol) and two pharmaceutical drugs (ibuprofen and naproxen) using Solid-Phase Extraction (SPE) for sample preparation and High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) for analysis. SPE (C18) conditions were evaluated varying elution solvent volume, pH conditions and sample mass in the cartridge and reduction techniques of the extract. The efficiency of the analytical methods was evaluated by spiking ultrapure water samples with compounds at three and four levels of concentration for steroids and pharmaceutical drugs, re- spectively. The recoveries were independent (P > 0.05) of added mass of target analytes with a repeatability lower than 6.5% for steroids and 12.1% for pharmaceutical compounds. The recovery factor (coefficient of variation, CV) was higher than 83% for steroids (CV < 3.8%) and >93% for pharmaceuticals (CV < 5.2%). The optimized analytical method was applied for the evaluation of a steroid degradation test using ozone, finding that the estimated limit of detection is sufficient to determine the residual mass (μg?L–1) of 17β-Estradiol after the experiment.
Cite this paper: nullR. Vallejo-Rodríguez, A. Lopez-Lopez, H. Saldarriaga-Noreña, M. Murillo-Tovar and L. Hernández-Mena, "Optimization of Analytical Conditions to Determine Steroids and Pharmaceuticals Drugs in Water Samples Using Solid Phase-Extraction and HPLC," American Journal of Analytical Chemistry, Vol. 2 No. 8, 2011, pp. 863-870. doi: 10.4236/ajac.2011.28099.
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