JBM  Vol.7 No.2 , February 2019
Effects of Ocular Parameters on Medial Rectus Faden Operation with Recession for Esotropia
Abstract: Background: In the treatment of infantile and accommodative esotopia medial rectus (MR) recession combined posterior fixation suture (Faden operation) can be used. But, there is very limited literature on effect of ocular parameters (axial length, medial rectus width and the distance of medial rectus insertion to limbus) to this operation. Objective: To evaluate effects of ocular parameters on medial rectus Faden operations with recession for esotropia. Material and Methods: In this retrospective study, 38 patients (57 eyes) who underwent Faden operation with unilateral or bilateral recession (4 - 4.5 mm) on medial rectus were divided into three groups according to axial length, medial rectus width and the distance of medial rectus insertion to limbus. Preoperative and postoperative deviations compared. Results: 11 cases were infantile esotropia, 46 cases were acquired esotropia. Female/male rate was 19/19. The mean preoperative amount of esotropia at near was 49.95 ± 17.36 prism diopters (PD) and postoperative 1 week 11.77 ± 11.14 PD, 1 month 12.02 ± 11.52 PD and 6 months 9.46 ± 10.19 PD. The mean preoperative amount of esotropia at distance was 38.84 ± 19.03 PD and postoperative 1 week 7.25 ± 11.29 PD, 1 month 6.54 ± 10.52 PD and 6 months 4.40 ± 9.08 PD. Due to axial length, in shorter eyes, the decrease in mean post-operative deviation was statistically significant. Due to medial rectus width and the distance of medial rectus insertion, there was no statistically significant difference. Conclusions: Axial length has an effect on medial rectus Faden operations with recession but medial rectus width and medial rectus insertion distance from limbus do not.
Cite this paper: Doğan, M. , Gökyiğit, B. , Akar, S. and Yılmaz, Ö. (2019) Effects of Ocular Parameters on Medial Rectus Faden Operation with Recession for Esotropia. Journal of Biosciences and Medicines, 7, 54-63. doi: 10.4236/jbm.2019.72005.

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