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 GEP  Vol.7 No.1 , January 2019
Evaluating Two-Layer Models for Velocity Profiles in Open-Channels with Submerged Vegetation
Abstract: For submerged vegetated flow, the velocity profile has two distinctive distributions in the vegetation layer in the lower region and the surface layer in the upper non-vegetated region. Based on a mixing-layer analogy, different analytical models have been proposed for the velocity profile in the two layers. This paper evaluates the four analytical models of Klopstra et al., Defina & Bixio, Yang et al. and Nepf against a wide range of independent experimental data available in the literature. To test the applicability and robust of the models, the author used the 19 datasets with various relative depths of submergence, different vegetation densities and bed slopes (1.8 × 10−6 - 4.0 × 10−3). This study shows that none of the models can predict the velocity profiles well for all datasets. The three models except Yang’s model performed reasonably well in certain cases, but Yang’s model failed in most the cases studied. It was also found that the Defina model is almost the same as the Klopstra model, if the same mixing length scale of eddies (λ) is used. Finally, close examination of the mixing length scale of eddies (λ) in the Defina model showed that when λ/h = 1/40(H/h)1/2, this model can predict velocity profiles well for all the datasets used.
Cite this paper: Tang, X. (2019) Evaluating Two-Layer Models for Velocity Profiles in Open-Channels with Submerged Vegetation. Journal of Geoscience and Environment Protection, 7, 68-80. doi: 10.4236/gep.2019.71006.
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