Back
 OJST  Vol.1 No.4 , December 2011
Comparison of the arch forms and dimensions in various malocclusions of the Turkish population
Abstract: Objectives: The aim of this study is to determine the distribution of morphological differences in the cli- nical mandibular arch forms seen in Angle Class I, II and III malocclusions in Turkish population and to examine the effect of gender on arch dimension pa- rameters. Material and methods: This study has been conducted on pretreatment mandibular study models of 600 individuals (362 girls, 238 boys) aged between 14 and 19. On the photocopies derived from these models, 4 linear and 2 proportional measurements have been made. The samples have been evaluated as square, ovoid and tapered (OrthoForm-3M Unitek) arch form templates. Results: The most frequent arch form encountered among all the groups was the ta- pered one (62.5%) followed by the ovoid (27.3%) and the square one (10.2%). Gender difference influences on morphological structure was apparent. Generally, compared with girls, arch width and depth were found to be more in boys. Conclusion: The most fre- quent arch form seen in Angle malocclusion groups was the tapered one, followed by the less frequent ovoid and square ones.
Cite this paper: nullOlmez, S. and Dogan, S. (2011) Comparison of the arch forms and dimensions in various malocclusions of the Turkish population. Open Journal of Stomatology, 1, 158-164. doi: 10.4236/ojst.2011.14023.
References

[1]   White, L.W. (1978) Individualized ideal arches. Journal of Clinical Orthodontics, 12, 779-787.

[2]   Engel, G.A. (1979) Preformed arch wires: Reliability of fit. American Journal of Orthodontics, 76, 497-504. doi:10.1016/0002-9416(79)90254-9

[3]   De La Cruz, A.R., Sampson, P., Little, R.M., ?rtun, J. and Shapiro, P.A. (1995) Long-term change in arch form after orthodontic treatment and retention. American Jour- nal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, 107, 518-530. doi:10.1016/S0889-5406(95)70119-2

[4]   Kook, Y.A., Nojima, K., Moon, H.B., McLaughlin, R.P. and Sinclair, P.M. (2004) Comparison of arch forms between Korean and North American white populations. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, 126, 680-686. doi:10.1016/j.ajodo.2003.10.038

[5]   Chuck, G.C. (1932) Ideal arch form. Angle Orthodontist, 4, 312-327.

[6]   Nojima, K., McLaughlin, R.P., Isshiki, Y. and Sinclair, P.M. (2001) A comparative study of Caucasion and Japanese mandibular clinical arch forms. Angle Orthodontist, 71, 195-200.

[7]   Bayome, M., Sameshima, G.T., Nojima, K., Baek, S.H. and Kook, Y.A. (2011) Comparison of arch forms between Egyptian and North American white populations. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, 139, e245-e252. doi:10.1016/j.ajodo.2009.11.012

[8]   Gafni, Y., Tzur-Gadassi, L., Nojima, K., McLaughlin, R.P., Abed, Y. and Redlich, M. (2011) Comparison of arch forms between Israeli and North American white populations. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, 139, 339-344. doi:10.1016/j.ajodo.2009.03.047

[9]   McLaughlin, R.P., Bennett, J.C. and Trevisi, H.J. (2001) Systemized orthodontic treatment mechanics. Mosby, Edinburgh.

[10]   Dahlberg, G. (1949) Statitistic methods for medical and biological students. Interscience Publication, New York.

[11]   Bishara, S.E., Jakobsen, J.R., Treder, J. and Nowak, A. (1997) Arch width changes from 6 weeks to 45 years of age. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, 111, 401-409. doi:10.1016/S0889-5406(97)80022-4

[12]   Felton, J.M., Sinclair, P.M., Jones, D.L. and Alexander, R.G. (1987) A computerized analysis of the shape and stability of mandibular arch form. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, 92, 478-483. doi:10.1016/0889-5406(87)90229-0

[13]   Braun, S., Hnat, W.P., Leschinsky, R. and Legan, H.L. (1999) An evaluation of the shape of some popular nickel titanium alloy preformed arch wires. A American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, 11, 6-12.

[14]   Basaran, G., Hamamci, N. and Hamamci, O. (2008) Comparison of dental arch widths in different types of malocclusions. Journal of Orthodontics, 9, 20-28.

[15]   Braun, S., Hnat, W.P., Fender, D.E. and Legan, H.L. (1998) The form of the human dental arch. Angle Orthodontist, 68, 29-36.

[16]   Cassidy, K.M., Harris, E.F., Tolley, E.A. and Keim, R.G. (1998) Genetic influence on dental arch form in orthodontic patients. Angle Orthodontist, 68, 445-454.

[17]   Carter, G.A. and McNamara, J.A. (1998) Longitudinal dental arch changes in adults. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, 114, 88-99. doi:10.1016/S0889-5406(98)70243-4

[18]   Ward, D.E., Workman, J., Brown, R. and Richmond, S. (2006) A 20-year longitudinal study of orthodontic treatment. Angle Orthodontist, 76, 6-13.

[19]   Raberin, M., Laumon, B., Martin, J. and Brunner, F. (1993) Dimensions and form of dental arches in subjects with normal occlusions. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, 104, 67-72. doi:10.1016/0889-5406(93)70029-N

[20]   Collins, B.P. and Harris, E.F. (1998) Arch form in American blacks and whites with malocclusions. Journal of the Tennessee Dental Association, 78, 15-18.

[21]   Ferrario, V.F., Sforza, C., Miani, A.Jr. and Taraglia, G. (1994) Mathematical definition of the shape of dental arches in human permanent healthy dentitions. European Journal of Orthodontics, 16, 287-294.

 
 
Top