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 OJD  Vol.8 No.1 , February 2019
Functional Change of Brain Serotonergic Activity and Free Tryptophan in the Plasma of Depressed Women
Abstract: The main objective was to show the decrement of serotoninergic brain activity in depressed women, through the analyses of the slope amplitude of N1/P2 components of the auditory-evoked potentials (AEP), and the measurement of the L-tryptophan free fraction in plasma (FFT). This cross-sectional study was carried out in 60 women, 30 depressed and 30 normal controls. Both groups were measured FFT, glucose, and neutral amino acids (NAA) levels; besides performing AEP to analyses the N1/P2 slope amplitude. It was found a lengthening in the slope amplitude of N1/P2 components of AEP in the group of depressed women, and despite that the level of FFT was low, there were no changes between bound fraction and the total L-Trp. The former suggests a decrease in serotonergic brain activity in the group of depressed women. Otherwise, since the auditory cortex response to sound is regulated by serotonergic innervation, it was expected a change in the behavior of AEP in the group of depressed patients. Thus, the slope amplitude of N1/P2 components of the AEP and the measurement of FFT have proved to be a good clinical indicators of the serotonergic neurotransmission state in the brain of depressed patients, and in another clinical conditions where brain serotonin is involved.
Cite this paper: Vázquez-Estupiñan, F. , Herrera-Márquez, R. , Mondragón-Herrera, J. , Lara-Pérez, G. and Manjarrez-Gutiérrez, G. (2019) Functional Change of Brain Serotonergic Activity and Free Tryptophan in the Plasma of Depressed Women. Open Journal of Depression, 8, 5-15. doi: 10.4236/ojd.2019.81002.
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