MSA  Vol.10 No.1 , January 2019
Nonlinear Organic Dielectrics for Energy Storage Applications
Abstract: We present the feasibility study of nonlinear dielectrics for the energy storage applications. Corona deposition of electric charges to the surface of thin films of highly polarizable organic molecules (dielectrophores) shows that the electric field inside the dielectric has a highly nonlinear response. The stored energy densities are superior to the polypropylene films, measured for the comparison, and at least comparable to the current electrochemical batteries. These results make us believe that the dielectrophores-based electrostatic capacitors can revolutionize the energy storage market.
Cite this paper: Mourokh, L. , Li, Y. , Gianan, R. , Lazarev, P. (2019) Nonlinear Organic Dielectrics for Energy Storage Applications. Materials Sciences and Applications, 10, 33-44. doi: 10.4236/msa.2019.101004.

[1]   Hao, X. (2013) A Review on the Dielectric Materials for High Energy-Storage Application. Journal of Advanced Dielectrics, 3, 1330001.

[2]   Mourokh, L., Edder, C., Mack, W. and Lazarev, P. (2018) Molecular Materials for Energy Storage. Materials Sciences and Applications, 9, 517.

[3]   Mourokh, L. and Lazarev, P. (2017) Energy Storage: Dielectrophores-Molecules with Non-Linear Polarizability. Adv. Mat. Sci., 17, 15.

[4]   Griffiths, D. (2017) Introduction to Electrodynamics. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

[5]   Singer, K.D., Sohn, J.E. and Lalama, S.J. (1986) Second Harmonic Generation in Poled Polymer Films. Applied Physics Letters, 49, 248.

[6]   Zhao, Y.-P., Wang, G.-C., Lu, T.-M., Palasantzas, G. and De Hosson, J.Th.M. (1999) Surface-Roughness Effect on Capacitance and Leakage Current of an Insulating Film. Physical Review B, 60, 9157.

[7]   Loeb, L.B. (1965) Electrical Coronas, Their Basic Physical Mechanisms. University of California Press, Berkley.

[8]   Burland, D.M., Miller, R.D. and Walsh, C.A. (1984) Second-Order Nonlinearity in Poled-Polymer Systems. Chemical Reviews, 94, 31.

[9]   Puntambekar, K.P., Pesavento, P.V. and Frisbie, C.D. (2004) Surface Potential Profiling and Contact Resistance Measurements on Operating Pentacene Thin-Film Transistors by Kelvin Probe Force Microscopy. Applied Physics Letters, 83, 5539.

[10]   Deshpande, R.P. (2012) Capacitors: Technology and Trends. Tata McGraw-Hill, New Delhi, 23-49.

[11]   Nahata, A., Shan, J., Yardley, J.T. and Wu, Ch. (1993) Electro-Optic Determination of the Nonlinear-Optical Properties of a Covalently Functionalized Disperse Red 1 Copolymer. Journal of the Optical Society of America B, 10, 1553.