JWARP  Vol.10 No.12 , December 2018
Determining the Quality of Mine Gushing and Mixed Water Using Coupled AHP and Fuzzy Comprehensive Evaluation Methods
Abstract: This study focused on analysis of the chemical characteristics of mine waters. The aim of this study is to correlate the degree of different ionic components in mine water and the influence of their convergence using a combination of the three-scale AHP and fuzzy evaluation methods for the comprehensive evaluation of water quality. Ion chromatography (ICS 1100) has been used to analyze the content of the water sample while portable pH/EC/TDS/Tem- perature meters (SX 811 and SX 813) were used to test physical-chemical parameters. The results of this study show that chemistry of in No.11 gushing mine is dominated by HCO3-Na and HCO3-Ca, and had a pH between 7.1 and 8.00, belonging to neutral or slightly alkaline water. In addition, water were found to have the hardness between 18 mg/L and 542.5 mg/L. Results also show that the TDS of the roof sandstone and goaves water are higher than Cambrian limestone water, while the turbidity of the mixed water is 20 NTU in the sump, again higher than in other samples such as Cambrian limestone water. Total dissolved solids and the total hardness of Cambrian limestone groundwater mainly depend on the content of K+ + Na+, Ca2+, B={b1,b2,…,bj} and SO2-4. Thus, chemical composition changes remarkably after mine water mixing. Results showed that the coal roof sandstone water is class V while that in the sump is class III, and the Cambrian limestone groundwater is class I. In gushing, the quality of water can vary greatly; thus, water from the coal face roof sandstone and the Cambrian limestone should be stored and treated separately before being utilized.
Cite this paper: Wang, J. , Zhao, W. , Wang, X. , Hersi, N. , Zhang, P. and Sang, X. (2018) Determining the Quality of Mine Gushing and Mixed Water Using Coupled AHP and Fuzzy Comprehensive Evaluation Methods. Journal of Water Resource and Protection, 10, 1185-1197. doi: 10.4236/jwarp.2018.1012070.

[1]   He, X.W., Yang, J., Shao, L.N., Li, F.Q. and Wang, X. (2008) Problem and Counter Measure of Mine Water Resource Regeneration in China. Journal of China Coal Society, 33, 63-66.

[2]   Lu, T., Liu, S.D., Wang, B., Wu, R.X. and Hu, X.W. (2017) A Review of Geophysical Exploration Technology for Mine Water Disaster in China: Applications and Trends. Mine Water & the Environment, No. 5, 1-10.

[3]   Batsaikhan, B., Kwon, J.S., Kim, K.H., Lee, Y.J., Lee, J.H., Badarch, M. and Yun, S.T. (2016) Hydrochemical Evaluation of the Influences of Mining Activities on River Water Chemistry in Central Northern Mongolia. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 1-16.

[4]   Li, S.J., Wu, Q., Cui, F.P., Zeng, Y.F. and Wang, G.R. (2014) Major Characteristics of China’s Coal Mine Water Disaster Occurred in Recent Years. Applied Mechanics & Materials, 501-504, 336-340.

[5]   Nordstrom, D.K., Blowes, D.W. and Ptacek, C.J. (2015) Hydrogeochemistry and Microbiology of Mine Drainage: An Update. Applied Geochemistry, 57, 3-16.

[6]   He, X.W. and Li, F.Q. (2010) New Technology and Development Tendency of Mine Water Treatment. Coal Science and Technology, 38, 17-22.

[7]   Aryafar, A., Yousefi, S. and Ardejani, F.D. (2013) The Weight of Interaction of Mining Activities: Groundwater in Environmental Impact Assessment Using Fuzzy Analytical Hierarchy Process (FAHP). Environmental Earth Sciences, 68, 2313-2324.

[8]   Wu, J.H., Li, P.Y., Qian, H. and Chen, J. (2015) On the Sensitivity of Entropy Weight to Sample Statistics in Assessing Water Quality: Statistical Analysis Based on Large Stochastic Samples. Environmental Earth Sciences, 74, 2185-2195.

[9]   Ouyang, Y. (2005) Evaluation of River Water Quality Monitoring Stations by Principal Component Analysis. Water Research, 39, 2621-2635.

[10]   Chow, M.F., Shiah, F.K., Lai, C.C., Kuo, H.Y., Wang, K.W., Lin, C.H., Chen, T.Y., Kobayashi, Y. and Ko, C.Y. (2016) Evaluation of Surface Water Quality Using Multivariate Statistical Techniques: A Case Study of Fei-Tsui Reservoir Basin, Taiwan. Environmental Earth Sciences, 75, 1-15.

[11]   Lu, X.W., Li Loretta, Y., Lei, K., Wang, L.J., Zhai, Y.X. and Zhai, M. (2010) Water Quality Assessment of Wei River, China Using Fuzzy Synthetic Evaluation. Environmental Earth Sciences, 60, 1693-1699.

[12]   Singh, K.P., Basant, A., Malik, A., et al. (2009) Artificial Neural Network Modeling of the River Water Quality—A Case Study. Ecological Modelling, 220, 888-895.

[13]   Singh, A.K., Mahato, M.K., Neogi, B. and Singh, K.K. (2010) Quality Assessment of Mine Water in the Raniganj Coalfield Area, India. Mine Water & the Environment, 29, 248-262.

[14]   Sun, H.F., Zhao, F.H., Zhang, L., Liu, Y.M., Cao, S.H. and Zhang, W. (2014) Comprehensive Assessment of Coal Mine Drainage Quality in the Arid Area of Western Chongqing. Journal of China Coal Society, 39, 736-743.

[15]   Liu, Y.F., Wu, Q. and Zhao, X.N. (2013) Mine Water Quality Characteristics and Water Environment Evaluation of Inner Mongolia Dongsheng Coal Field. Clean Coal Technology, 19, 101-106.

[16]   Gao, X.X., Nie, Y. and Dong, D.W. (2015) Evaluation of Coal Mine Groundwater Quality with Coupling Model Based on SPA-ITFN. Mining Safety and Environmental Protection, 42, 68-71.

[17]   Favas, P., Sarkar, S.K., Rakshit, D., et al. (2016) Acid Mine Drainages from Abandoned Mines: Hydrochemistry, Environmental Impact, Resource Recovery, and Prevention of Pollution. Environmental Materials and Waste. Elsevier Inc., 413-462.

[18]   Tikhomirov, V.V. (2016) Hydrogeochemistry Fundamentals and Advances, Volume 1, Groundwater Composiiton and Chemistry. Hydrogeochemistry Fundamentals and Advances: Groundwater Composition and Chemistry, Volume 1.

[19]   Wang, X.Y. (2011) Applied Hydrogeology. China University of Mining and Technology Press.

[20]   Guo, Q.L., Xiong, X.Z. and Jiang, J.R. (2016) Hydrochemical Characteristics of Surface and Ground Water in the Kuye River Basin. Environmental Chemistry, 35, 1372-1380.

[21]   Labar, J.A. and Nairn, R.W. (2017) Evaluation of the Impact of Na-SO4, Dominated Ionic Strength on Effluent Water Quality in Bench-Scale Vertical Flow Bioreactors Using Spent Mushroom Compost. Mine Water & the Environment, 1-11.

[22]   Tiwari, A.K., Singh, P.K. and Mahato, M.K. (2016) Environmental Geochemistry and a Quality Assessment of Mine Water of the West Bokaro Coalfield, India. Mine Water & the Environment, 1-11.

[23]   Han, L., Song, Y.H., Duan, L. and Yuan, P. (2015) Risk Assessment Methodology for Shenyang Chemical Industrial Park Based on Fuzzy Comprehensive Evaluation. Environmental Earth Sciences, 73, 5185-5192.

[24]   Ren, X. (2016) Application of Three Scale AHP Method in Nuclear Accident Emergency Decision Making of Equipment System. International Conference on Advances in Energy, Environment and Chemical Science.

[25]   Xue, X.H. and Yang, X.G. (2014) Seismic Liquefaction Potential Assessed by Fuzzy Comprehensive Evaluation Method. Natural Hazards, 71, 2101-2112.

[26]   Lai, C.G., Chen, X.H., Chen, X.Y., Wang, Z.L., Wu, X.S. and Zhao, S.W. (2015) A Fuzzy Comprehensive Evaluation Model for Flood Risk Based on the Combination Weight of Game Theory. Natural Hazards, 77, 1243-1259.