ENG  Vol.10 No.12 , December 2018
Simulation-Based Optimization of Aspect Ratio in Tungsten Inert Gas Welding
Abstract: The shape of the fusion zone after weld in terms of its width-to-depth ratio is known as the aspect ratio, large aspect ratios in welded joints usually results in cracks formation during solidification of the weld; it also results in tensile residual stresses at the fusion zone. In this study, central composite design matrix was employed using Design Expert 7.01 software to optimize the aspect ratio of mild steel welded joint. A total of 20 sets of experiments were produced; the weld specimen was mild steel plate measuring 60 mm × 40 mm × 10 mm. TIG welding machine with 100% Argon Shielding Gas was used for this experiment and at the end of the experiment, an optimum weld aspect ratio of 0.646 was achieved using current of 140 amp, voltage of 25 volt and gas flow rate of 15 L/min. This value of 0.646 is expected to contain the minimum adequate molten metal just enough to make the desired bead penetration to form good aspect ratio at a minimum cost with appropriate weld quality and productivity. This would help minimize the formation of cracks after weld.
Cite this paper: Odoemelam, C. , Achebo, J. , Ehiorobo, J. and Osaremwinda, J. (2018) Simulation-Based Optimization of Aspect Ratio in Tungsten Inert Gas Welding. Engineering, 10, 876-890. doi: 10.4236/eng.2018.1012061.

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