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 MSA  Vol.9 No.13 , December 2018
Optimization and Characterization of Nano Aluminum Trihydrate-Based Flame-Retardant Materials in the Rotating Packed Bed Reactor
Abstract: A CO2/NaAlO2/H2O absorption-reaction system was adopted to prepare nano aluminum trihydrate (ATH) particles for cables use in a rotating packed-bed (RPB) reactor (Phase I). The Taguchi experimental design was used to give an orthogonal array, L9(34). The parameters were the speed of rotation (A), gas-liquid flow rate ratio (B), aging temperature (C) and aging time (D), each having three levels. According to the signal/noise (S/N) ratio analysis, optimum condition for BET area (Sw) was found to be A3B3C1D1, while the parameter significance was DABC. Empirical formula for Sw was also obtained and discussed. Subsequently, the optimum size (10.7 nm) of ATH powders was used to blend with the matrix including plastics and additives (Phase II) for characterization further. The examination of composite materials showed that the limiting oxygen index (LOI) was higher than 28, indicating an excellent fire-retarding property. The results also showed that the LOI for nano ATH is higher than that bought from the market, while the fire-retarding grade examination (UL-94 test) for both ATHs was found to be of a V-0 grade. In addition, the mechanical properties for nano ATH were measured prior to using the ATH from the market.
Cite this paper: Chen, P. and Yang, L. (2018) Optimization and Characterization of Nano Aluminum Trihydrate-Based Flame-Retardant Materials in the Rotating Packed Bed Reactor. Materials Sciences and Applications, 9, 1036-1056. doi: 10.4236/msa.2018.913075.
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