AiM  Vol.8 No.12 , December 2018
In-Vitro Measurement of pH and Antioxidant Capacity during Colonic Fermentation of Selected Underutilized Wild and Edible Beans
Abstract: Human gut flora-mediated non-digestible fraction of wild edible and common edible was observed for pH at every 6 hours regime. The antioxidant ability was measured up to 18 hours of fermentation with different associated gut microbes. Changes in pH provide an overview of the fermentation process. In the in-vitro study of antioxidant activity by DPPH test, anti-oxidants values showed differences, depending on the substrate and microbial fermenters used for fermentation. At first 6 hours interval, it was observed that the wild bean-Feregede fermented by Enterococcus feacalis exerts the highest antioxidant capacity of 0.0043 Cathechin equivalents. It also exerts lowest antioxidant capacity of 0.0034 Cathechin equivalents after 18 hours fermentation. These data provided preliminary evidence that consumption of beans diet such as the wild bean—Otili, Feregede, pakala and edible bean—oloyin is limiting factor to liberation of antioxidant components during the gastrointestinal digestion. Thus, disruption of normal cellular homeostasis by redox signaling may result in the development of various gastrointestinal pathological conditions, including inflammatory bowel diseases.
Cite this paper: Awoyinka, O. , Omodara, T. , Oladel, F. , Aina, O. and Akinluyi, O. (2018) In-Vitro Measurement of pH and Antioxidant Capacity during Colonic Fermentation of Selected Underutilized Wild and Edible Beans. Advances in Microbiology, 8, 965-974. doi: 10.4236/aim.2018.812065.

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