AM  Vol.9 No.11 , November 2018
On Existence of Periodic Solutions of Certain Second Order Nonlinear Ordinary Differential Equations via Phase Portrait Analysis
The global phase portrait describes the qualitative behaviour of the solution set of a nonlinear ordinary differential equation, for all time. In general, this is as close as we can come to solving nonlinear systems. In this research work we study the dynamics of a bead sliding on a wire with a given specified shape. A long wire is bent into the shape of a curve with equation z = f (x) in a fixed vertical plane. We consider two cases, namely without friction and with friction, specifically for the cubic shape f (x) = x3−x . We derive the corresponding differential equation of motion representing the dynamics of the bead. We then study the resulting second order nonlinear ordinary differential equations, by performing simulations using MathCAD 14. Our main interest is to investigate the existence of periodic solutions for this dynamics in the neighbourhood of the critical points. Our results show clearly that periodic solutions do indeed exist for the frictionless case, as the phase portraits exhibit isolated limit cycles in the phase plane. For the case with friction, the phase portrait depicts a spiral sink, spiraling into the critical point.
Cite this paper: Maliki, O. and Sesan, O. (2018) On Existence of Periodic Solutions of Certain Second Order Nonlinear Ordinary Differential Equations via Phase Portrait Analysis. Applied Mathematics, 9, 1225-1237. doi: 10.4236/am.2018.911080.

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