Back
 EPE  Vol.10 No.11 , November 2018
The Physico-Chemical Composition and Energy Recovery Potentials of Municipal Solid Waste Generated in Numan Town, North-Eastern Nigeria
Abstract: Numan is an urban center in Adamawa State North-Eastern Nigeria. Its waste characteristics are similar to other places in sub-Saharan Africa. In this paper, the physico-chemical characterization of municipal solid waste generated in Numan Town was carried out to estimate the electrical power to be generated from it. The solid waste types were observed to comprise of polythene (27%), organic waste (24.1%), plastic (10.2%), textile (13.2%), paper (9.8%), glass (9.3%) and metals (6.4%). The moisture content as discarded and daily average solid waste generation rate are 16.49% and 0.583 kg/sec respectively. The chemical formula with and without water was determined as C923.28H1632.60O258.28N12.89S and C923.28H2099.70O494.16N12.89S respectively. The suitability of the municipal solid waste as a possible source of electrical power was also considered. The energy content of the solid waste on ash free dry-basis was determined as 20861.48 kJ/kg. The estimated power generation per day using incinerating plant at an assumed efficiency of 25% was 3031.5 kW.
Cite this paper: Abubakar, A. , Barnabas, M. and Tanko, B. (2018) The Physico-Chemical Composition and Energy Recovery Potentials of Municipal Solid Waste Generated in Numan Town, North-Eastern Nigeria. Energy and Power Engineering, 10, 475-485. doi: 10.4236/epe.2018.1011030.
References

[1]   Sastry, D.B.S.S.R. (2015) Composition of Municipal Solid Waste-Need for Thermal Treatment in Present Indian Context.
http://www.seas.columbia.edu/earth/wtert/sofos/DBSSRS_Article_-_WTE_INDIA_BRIEF_Revised.pdf

[2]   Kadafa, A.A., Latifah, A.M., Abdullah, H.S. and Sulaiman, W.N.A. (2013) Current Status of Municipal Solid Waste Management Practise in FCT Abuja. Research Journal of Environmental and Earth Sciences, 5, 295-304.

[3]   Yusuff, A.S., John, W., Okoro, O. and Ajibade, A. (2014) Physio-Chemical Composition and Energy Content Analysis of Solid Waste: A Case Study of Castlereagh District, Northern Ireland. American Journal of Engineering and Technology Research, 2, 1-9.

[4]   Linda, S., Mehdi, K. and Lylia, B. (2013) Assessment of Different Methods of Treatment for an Integrated Municipal Waste Management for Algerian City. Management of Environmental Quality: An international Journal, 25, 493-504.

[5]   Ujam, A.J. and Eboh, F. (2012) Thermal Analysis of Small-Scale Municipal Solid Waste-Fired Steam Generator: A Case Study of Enugu State, Nigeria. Journal of Energy Technologies and policy, 2, 38-49.

[6]   Themelis, N.J., Kim, Y.H. and Brady, M.H. (2002) Energy Recovery from New York City Solid Waste. ISWA Journal: Waste Management and Research, 20, 223-233.

[7]   Hassan, A.A., Kenan, J. and Amimul, A. (2015) Environmental Performance and Energy Recovery Potential of Five Processes for Municipal Solid Waste Treatment. Journal of Cleaner Production, 105, 233-240.

[8]   Ted, M. (2010) The 2010 ERC Directory of Waste-to-Energy Plants.
http://energyrecoverycouncil.org/userfiles/file/ERC_2010_Directory.pdf

[9]   Kumar, J.S., Subbaiah, K.V. and Prasada, R.P.V.V. (2010) Waste to Energy—A Case Study of Eluru City, Andhra Pradesh. International Journal of Environmental Sciences, 1, 151-162.

[10]   Arthur, O., Mahir, S., Karoli, N., Geoffrey, J. and Peter, M. (2014) Energy Recovery Routes from Municipal Solid Waste, a Case Study of Arusha-Tanzania. Journal of Energy Technologies and Policy, 4, 1-7.

[11]   Kuleape, R., Cobbina, S.J., Dampare, S.B., Duwiejuah, A.B., Amoako, E.E. and Asare, W. (2014) Assessment of the Energy Recovery Potentials of Solid Waste Generated in Akosombo, Ghana. African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, 8, 297-305.
https://doi.org/10.5897/AJEST2014.1663

[12]   Muhammad, T.B., Alkasim, A. and Muhammad, B.A. (2014) Estimation of Moisture Content of Household Solid Waste in Some Selected Areas of Jimeta Town. International Journal of Scientific and Engineering Research, 5, 430-433.

[13]   Ogwueleka, T.C. (2009) Municipal Solid Waste Characteristics and Management in Nigeria. Iranian Journal of Environment and Health Science Engineering, 6, 173-180.

[14]   Zainab, A.B. and Hijab, M. (2013) Survey of Municipal Solid Waste in Jimeta-Yola, Northeastern Nigeria. International Journal of Scientific and Engineering Research, 4, 1-8.

[15]   Ethiopian Public Health Training Initiative EPHTI (2004) Lecture Notes on Solid Waste Management.
https://www.cartercenter.org/resources/pdfs/health/ephti/library/lecture_notes

[16]   Obid, T., Jan, D. and Wojciech, N. (2015) Catalytic Energy Production from Municipal Solid Waste Biomass: Case Study in Perlis-Malaysia. World Journal of Environmental Engineering, 3, 7-14.

[17]   Tchobanoglous, G., Theiman, H. and Eliassen, R. (1977) Solid Wastes Engineering Principles and Management Issues. McGraw-Hill, New York.

 
 
Top