ENG  Vol.10 No.11 , November 2018
Optimization of the Deposition Rate of Tungsten Inert Gas Mild Steel Using Response Surface Methodology
Abstract: In welding, so many factors contribute to good quality welds. The deposition rate is the rate of weld metal deposit at fusion zone during welding, which also is a key factors affecting the quality of welded joints. Too high or low deposition rate compromises the integrity of weld. This study was carried out with the aim of providing an approach for producing better weldments by optimizing and predicting deposition rate of low carbon steel using Response Surface Methodology (RSM). 30 sets of experiments were done, adopting the central composite experimental design. The tungsten inert gas welding equipment was used to produce the welded joints. Argon gas was supplied to the welding process to shield the weld from atmospheric interference. Mild steel coupons measuring 60 × 40 × 10 mm was used for the experiments. The results obtained show that the voltage and current have very strong influence on the deposition rate. The models developed possess a variance inflation factor of 1. And P-value is less than 0.05, indicating that the model is significant. The models also possessed a high goodness of fit with R2 (Coefficient of determination) values of 91%. The model produced numerically obtained optimal solution of current of 160.00 Amp, voltage of 20 volts and a gas flow rate of 17 L/min produces a welded material having deposition rate of 0.4637 kg/hr. This solution was selected by design expert as the optimal solution with a desirability value of 98.8%. A weld simulation using the optimum value obtained produced a weld with good quality.
Cite this paper: Imhansoloeva, N. , Achebo, J. , Obahiagbon, K. , Osarenmwinda, J. and Etin-Osa, C. (2018) Optimization of the Deposition Rate of Tungsten Inert Gas Mild Steel Using Response Surface Methodology. Engineering, 10, 784-804. doi: 10.4236/eng.2018.1011055.

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