Back
 JWARP  Vol.10 No.11 , November 2018
Women’s Participation in Water Resource Management, in Case of Enderta District, Tigray Region, Ethiopia
Abstract: Women’s participation in each and every activity of a country is crucial. Especially to achieve the sustainable development goals involvement of girls and women in each sector of a nation contributes more and more. Considering women as family leaders; in many cultures in the household responsibility, taking care of their husband and children they are nation builders. However, participation, interaction and contribution of women outside of their house are not significant. Above all, in science and technology related matters their involvement is very weak. Therefore, this study deals with examining women’s participation in water resource management in Endertaworeda, specifically in Didba and Shibta sub-districts. The study result indicated that, the role of women in water management is high, especially in domestic level and the willingness to participate in external water issues was increased, but the decision making power never reached equality between men and women. The analysis shows that even though there are few women in the water committee of the local community and the water resource management sector, still their participation in decision making is insignificant. Even today, the society confirms the supremacy of men over women. As a result the policy at national levels as well as the regional level which emphasized on women’s participation in water resource management has become elusive its implementations. On the evidence of the study results, there are different barriers for women’s participation in management. The most frequently mentioned barriers are socio-cultural barriers, women’s low educational success and access in the country and low number of women in the office as managerial staff. Therefore, measures should be taken to enhance women’s participation in management position.
Cite this paper: Gebreegzabher, A. (2018) Women’s Participation in Water Resource Management, in Case of Enderta District, Tigray Region, Ethiopia. Journal of Water Resource and Protection, 10, 1047-1060. doi: 10.4236/jwarp.2018.1011061.
References

[1]   Sandys, E. (2005) Women 2000 and beyond, Published to Promote the Goals of the Beijing Declaration and the Platform for Action. Women and Water, New York.

[2]   Ward, A.D. and Elliot, W.J. (1995) Environmental Hydrology. CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton.

[3]   Niala, M., Kusum, A., Mariela, G.V. and Gabriella, R. (2000) Mainstreaming Gender in Water Resources Management; Why and How. Background Paper for the World Vision Process.

[4]   Global Water Partnership Technical Advisory Committee (1996) Integrated Water Resource Management, Global Water Partnership.

[5]   Rathgeber Eva, M. (2010) Women, Men and Water-Resource Management in Africa. IDRC, Nairobi, Kenya.

[6]   Relief Society of Tigray (2000) Relief Society of TigrayREST Five Year Plan 2001-2005. Summary Prepared for REST Partner Conference, Mekelle.

[7]   Seidmekiye, Y. (2008) Academic Women’s Participation in Leadership: The Case of Addis Ababa University.

[8]   Helgeson, V.S. (2005) Psychology of Gender. 2nd Edition, Pearson, New Jersey.

[9]   Nawe, J. (2004) Strategies for Enhancing Female Participation at the University of Dares Salaam, Tanzania.

[10]   United Nations Development Program (2003) Mainstreaming Gender in Water Management: A Practical Journey to Sustainability: A Resource Guide.
http://www.genderandwater.org/content/download/4545/37857/file/Gender_%20and_IWRM_
Resource_Guide_complete_200610.pdf


[11]   Welch Jr., C.E. (1993) Human Rights and African Women: A Comparison of Protection under Two Major Treaties. Human Rights Quarterly, 15, 549-574.
https://doi.org/10.2307/762610

[12]   Hill, M.A. and Elizabeth, M.K. (1995) Women’s Education and Economic Well-Being. Feminist Economics, 1, 21-46.
https://doi.org/10.1080/714042230

[13]   Singh, J.K.S. (2002) Women and Management in Higher Education: A Good Practice Hand Book. Paris.

[14]   Lott (1987) Sexuality: A Feminist Perspective. In: Kelley, K., Ed., Females, Males, and Sexuality: Theories and Research, SUNY Press, New York, Albany, 175-211.

[15]   Fagenson, E.A., Ed. (1993) Women and Work: A Research and Policy Series, Vol. 4. Women in Management: Trends, Issues, and Challenges in Managerial Diversity. Sage Publications, Inc., Thousand Oaks, CA, US.

 
 
Top