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 JEP  Vol.9 No.10 , September 2018
Assessment of Inhalable Particulate Matter Associated with a Refinery in Curaçao
Abstract: Inhalation and atmospheric pollution studies have focused on particulate matter due to correlations and associations with various morbidities and mortalities. This research analyzed ambient concentrations of inhalable particulate matter (PM10) on the island of Curaçao in order to evaluate through comparative literature analysis and recommended public health guidelines the potential health risks. Available hourly, daily and monthly PM10 measurements were accessed from June 2010 through December 2014 from a local air monitoring station in Willemstad. Mean annual concentrations of PM10 (31 - 122 μg/m3) in Curaçao are among the highest reported globally, demonstrating an increasing trend over time and exceed current public health guidelines recommended by local and international agencies. While the epidemiological evidence is inadequate to infer a causal association between health effects and long-term exposures of the measured PM10 concentrations, the results indicate that emissions controls are not adequate for compliance with international exposure standards.
Cite this paper: Pulster, E. , Johnson, G. , Hollander, D. , McCluskey, J. and Harbison, R. (2018) Assessment of Inhalable Particulate Matter Associated with a Refinery in Curaçao. Journal of Environmental Protection, 9, 1113-1128. doi: 10.4236/jep.2018.910069.
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