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 OJAS  Vol.8 No.4 , October 2018
Non-Obese Type 2 Diabetic Rat Models-GK Rat and SDT Rat
Abstract: The number of diabetic patients has recently been increasing all over the world together with life changes including sedentary life and high-calorie diet intake, and as a result the increase in these suffering from diabetes mellitus has become a global issue. Diabetic animal models play a key role in bettering our understanding of the pathophysiology of diabetes and in developing new therapies for the disease. Diabetes is classified into two types, type 1 and type 2, and type 2 diabetes is chiefly caused by a depletion of insulin secretion in the pancreas and insulin resistance in peripheral tissues. The Goto-Kakizaki (GK) rat and the Spontaneously Diabetic Torii (SDT) rat are genetic non-obese type 2 diabetic models, and the both rats are considered to be suitable models for investigating the etiology of the depletion of insulin secretion and impaired glucose tolerance. In this review, we overviewed the outline of pathophysiological features in GK rats and SDT rats, including biological parameters and pharmacological responses.
Cite this paper: Ohta, T. , Sasase, T. , Gotoh, T. , Shinohara, M. , Sirichaiyakul, P. , Furuta, S. , Techasakulsin, R. , Kamiya, T. , Yoshida, C. and Yamada, T. (2018) Non-Obese Type 2 Diabetic Rat Models-GK Rat and SDT Rat. Open Journal of Animal Sciences, 8, 396-420. doi: 10.4236/ojas.2018.84030.
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