OJEpi  Vol.8 No.3 , August 2018
An Epidemiological Model to Find out Factors Associated with Nodal Involvement among Indian Oral Cancer Patients
Abstract: In India, the most common cancer among men is cancer of lip-oral and its incidence is further increasing. Nodal metastasis is an important prognostic factor in oral cancer. Previous studies on factors associated with nodal involvement are mainly focused on clinical exploration, and there is very little work in statistical modeling for nodal involvement. Also, the available studies have limited covariates and their varying forms. Further, studies available from India have mainly focused either on occult nodal metastasis only or a specific site of oral or stages. Hence, in order to identify epidemiological determinants of nodal metastasis, objective of this study was to develop a regression model to find out factors associated with nodal involvement and assess its validity. 945 histopathologically proven oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) patients who went under surgery including neck dissection during 1995-2013 at the Department of Surgical Oncology, Dr. BRA-IRCH, AIIMS, New Delhi, India, were included for model building. Another data of 204 patients available during 2014-2015 was used for the temporal validation of the developed model. To assess the factors associated with nodal involvement, stepwise multivariable logistic regression procedure was used and results are presented as odds ratio and corresponding 95% confidence interval (CI). Pain at the time of presentation [1.34 (1.02 to 1.77)], sub mucous fibrosis (SMF) [0.45 (0.21 to 0.95)], palpable neck node [2.38 (1.69 to 3.35)], tongue [1.63 (1.07 to 2.46)] as compared to buccal mucosa and degree of differentiation [1.41 (1.05 to 1.89)] were found to be significantly associated with nodal involvement. Further, diagnostic performance of the developed model was found to be satisfactory on temporal validation. These data suggest that, Pain at time of presentation, presence of clinical neck node, SMF, degree of differentiation and oral site are the most probable factors associated with nodal involvement in OSCC.
Cite this paper: Singh, V. , Deo, S. , Dwivedi, S. and Khan, M. (2018) An Epidemiological Model to Find out Factors Associated with Nodal Involvement among Indian Oral Cancer Patients. Open Journal of Epidemiology, 8, 117-129. doi: 10.4236/ojepi.2018.83010.

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