JTST  Vol.4 No.3 , August 2018
A Fast Test System to Evaluate the Physical Protection Potential of Textiles against Blood-Sucking Insects
Abstract: Blood-sucking insects can cause severe health damage in humans and animals for example by causing allergic reactions or by the propagation of vector-borne diseases such as malaria. Textiles are widely used for insect protection with bednets, curtains or outdoor clothing. The main approach is functionalization of the textiles with insect repellents like DEET or insecticides like permethrin. Instead of or in addition to these chemical measures the mechanical protection potential of the fabric itself has to be considered for preventing insect bites and stings effectively. Densely woven fabrics or spacer fabrics can serve as a chemical-free protection system. To compare the physical protection potential of different textiles against the mouthparts and stings of blood-sucking insects, we developed an easy and reliable test system which can be used in textile research institutes and companies. The system is mobile and can also be applied on wet textiles. We here describe the construction and validation of our new test system.
Cite this paper: Hammer, T. , Gerhardts, A. and Hoefer, D. (2018) A Fast Test System to Evaluate the Physical Protection Potential of Textiles against Blood-Sucking Insects. Journal of Textile Science and Technology, 4, 79-84. doi: 10.4236/jtst.2018.43005.

[1]   Greenwood, B.M., Bojang, K., Whitty, C.J. and Targett, G. (2005) Malaria. Lancet, 9469, 1487-1498.

[2]   Minar, J., Riha, J. and Lamatova, Z. (1979) Losses in Milking Qualities of Dairy Cattle Caused by Mosquitoes and Horseflies and Reduction of Such Losses Due to Use of Diethyltoluamide Repellent. Folia Parasitologica (Praha), 26, 285-288.

[3]   Hallamaa, R.E. (2009) Characteristics of Equine Summer Eczema with Emphasis on Differences between Finnhorses and Icelandic Horses in a 11-Year Study. Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica, 51, 29.

[4]   Hawkins, J.A., Adams, W.V., Wilson, B.H., Issel, C.J. and Roth, E.E. (1976) Transmission of Equine Infectious Anemia Virus by Tabanus fuscicostatus. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 168, 63-64.

[5]   Hawkins, J.A., Love, J.N. and Hidalgo, R.J. (1982) Mechanical Transmission of Anaplasmosis by Tabanids (Diptera: Tabanidae). American Journal of Veterinary Research, 43, 732-734.

[6]   Deparis, X., Frere, B., Lamizana, M., N’Guessan, R., Leroux, F., Lefevre, P., Finot, L., Hougard, J.M., Carnevale, P., Gillet, P. and Baudon, D. (2004) Efficacy of Permethrin-Treated Uniforms in Combination with Deet Topical Repellent for Protection of French Military Troops in Cote d’Ivoire. Journal of Medical Entomology, 41, 914-921.

[7]   Fei, B. and Xin, J.H. (2007) N, N-diethyl-m-toluamide-containing Microcapsules for Bio-Cloth Finishing. The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 77, 52-57.

[8]   Hebeish, A., Hamdy, A., El-Sawy, S.M. and Abdel-Mohdy, F.A. (2010) Preparation of Durable Insect Repellent Cotton Fabric through Treatment with a Finishing Formulation Containing Cypermethrin. Journal of the Textile Institute, 101, 627-634.

[9]   Abdel-Mohdy, F.A., Fouda, M.M.G., Rehan, M.F. and Ali, A.S. (2009) Repellency of Controlled-Release Treated-Cotton Fabrics Based on Permethrin and Bioallethrin against Mosquitoes. Journal of the Textile Institute, 100, 695-701.