AiM  Vol.8 No.7 , July 2018
Isolation and Characterization of Mercury Resistant Trichoderma Strains from Soil with High Levels of Mercury and Its Effects on Arabidopsis thaliana Mercury Uptake
Abstract: Traditional mining activities are usually correlated with high levels of soil pollution, which is a major environmental concern. Extensive mining activities have taken place in the San Joaquin region in the State of Querétaro, México resulting in high levels of mercury soil pollution (up to 1532 ± 300 mg/kg). We isolated mercury-resistant fungal strains from the San Joaquin region soils and identified them through morphologic characteristics and ITS rDNA region sequence analysis. We determined that fungi isolated belong to the genus Trichoderma. All the isolates selected showed the ability to catalyze the volatilization of Hg. For air sampling, an active sampling device was constructed and using acid KMnO4 as an absorbent, the concentration of mercury in solution was determined through the cold vapor atomic absorption method. The results show mercury volatilization from the fungal species assay, with a maximum of 213.04 ± 32.6 μg/m3 while mycelium accumulation ranged from less than 17.5 ± 2.9 to 20.0 ± 3.4 μg/g. The fungal isolates were also evaluated for their ability to reduce mercury uptake in Arabidopsis thaliana. These observations suggest the utility of Trichoderma for the mobilization of mercury in those contaminated soils.
Cite this paper: Hernández-Flores, J. , Melo, J.L. , Hernández, A. , López, M. , Gutiérrez, C. , Gomez, S. , Moreno, V. , Medina, R. , Soto, J. , Hernández, S. , Jones, G. , Flores, S. and Campos-Guillen, J. (2018) Isolation and Characterization of Mercury Resistant Trichoderma Strains from Soil with High Levels of Mercury and Its Effects on Arabidopsis thaliana Mercury Uptake. Advances in Microbiology, 8, 600-613. doi: 10.4236/aim.2018.87040.

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