Back
 AS  Vol.9 No.6 , June 2018
Impact of Bee Pollination on Yield of Faba Bean (Vicia faba L.) Grown under Semi-Arid Conditions
Abstract: The effect of honeybee (Apis mellifera carnica) on yield was investigated in open-pollinated faba bean cultivars and three inbred generations produced from them (once-selfed, twice-selfed, and thrice-selfed). All entries were grown in cages under two pollination conditions: presence of bees (cross-pollination) or absence of bees (self-pollination). The open-pollinated generations gave the highest performance in the presence and absence of bees. In the presence of bees, the open-pollinated and their inbred entries gave higher performance in all of the studied traits than in the absence of bees; the average improvement in yield and its components was 22%. The highest improvement percentage in yield performance was shown by more inbred entries (thrice-selfed > once-selfed), indicating that in faba bean populations, the performance of inbred generations was chiefly associated with the tripping of flowers, which is usually governed by successfully fertilized flowers, i.e., plants result from selfing in faba bean population needs to be visited by pollinating insects (bees) to set more seeds. It concluded that honeybee has an important role in increasing faba bean yield in semi-arid conditions; hence, it is important to provide a pollinator friendly environment for their foraging places and nesting sites to secure food supply.
Cite this paper: Gasim, S. and Abdelmula, A. (2018) Impact of Bee Pollination on Yield of Faba Bean (Vicia faba L.) Grown under Semi-Arid Conditions. Agricultural Sciences, 9, 729-740. doi: 10.4236/as.2018.96051.
References

[1]   Köpke, U. and Nemecek, T. (2010) Ecological Services of Faba Bean. Field Crop Research, 115, 217-233.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fcr.2009.10.012

[2]   Tilman, D., Balzer, C., Hill, J. and Befort, B.L. (2011) Global Food Demand and the Sustainable Intensification of Agriculture. Proceeding of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 108, 20260-20264.
https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1116437108

[3]   Gasim, S., Solafa, A., Abdelmulla, A. and Isam, A. (2015) Yield and Yield Quality Attributes of Faba Bean Lines Grown under Marginal Environmental Conditions of Sudan. Food Science and Nutrition, 3, 539-547.
https://doi.org/10.1002/fsn3.245

[4]   Salih, S.H., Ageeb, O.A., Saxena, M.C. and Solh, M.B. (1996) Production and Improvement of Cool-Season Food Legumes in the Sudan. Proceeding of the National Research Review Workshop, Wad Medani, 27-30 August 1995, 250 p.

[5]   Gasim, S., Hejien, H., Khalifa, J. and Abdelmula, A. (2013) Effect of Self-Fertilization on Performance, Breeding and Germplasm Management of Four Local Faba Bean Cultivars. Journal of Agricultural Science Technology B, 3, 182-188.

[6]   Link, W. (1990) Autofertility and Rate of Cross-Fertilization: Crucial Characters for Breeding Synthetic Varieties in Faba Bean (Vicia faba L.). Theoretical and Applied Genetics, 79, 713-717.
https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00226888

[7]   Kambal, A.E., Bond, D.A. and Toynbee-Clarke, G. (1976) A Study on the Pollination Mechanism in Field Beans (Vicia faba L.). Journal of Agricultural Sciences Cambridge, 87, 519-526.
https://doi.org/10.1017/S0021859600033128

[8]   Gasim, S., Abel, S. and Link, W. (2004) Extent, Variation and Breeding Impact of Natural Cross-Fertilization in German Winter Faba Beans Using Hilum Colour as Marker. Eupytica, 136, 193-200.
https://doi.org/10.1023/B:EUPH.0000030669.75809.dc

[9]   Bond, D.A. and Poulsen, M.H. (1983) Pollination. In: Hebblethwaite, P.D., Ed., The Faba Bean (Vicia faba L.), Butterworths, London, 77-101.

[10]   Somerville, D.C. (1999) Honeybees (Apis mellifera L.) Increase Yields of Faba Beans (Vicia faba L.) in New South Wales While Maintaining Adequate Protein Requirements from Faba Bean Pollen. Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture, 39, 1001-1005.
https://doi.org/10.1071/EA99023

[11]   Carré, G., Roche, P., Chifflet, R., Morison, N., Bommarco, R., Harrison-Cripps, J., Krewenka, K., Potts, S.G., Roberts, S.M.P., Rodet, G., Settele, J., Steffan-Dewenter, I., Szentgyorgyi, H., Tscheulin, T., Westphal, C., Woyciechowski, M. and Vaissière, B.E. (2009) Landscape Context and Habitat Type as Drivers of Bee Diversity in European Annual Crops. Agricultural Ecosystem Environment, 133, 40-47.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2009.05.001

[12]   Singh, A.K., Baharati, R.C., Manibhushan, N.C. and Pedpati, A. (2013) An Assessment of Faba Bean (Vicia faba L.) Current Status and Future Prospect. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 8, 6634-6641.

[13]   Williams, J.H. (1994) The Dependence of Crop Production within the European Union on Pollination by Honeybees. Agricultural Zoology Review, 6, 229-257.

[14]   James, R. and Pitts-Singer, J. (2008) Bee Pollination in Agricultural Ecosystems. Oxford University Press, Oxford, 284 p.
https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195316957.001.0001

[15]   Saul, A.C. and Danny, F. (2013) Significant Yield Benefits from Honeybee Pollination of Faba Bean (Vicia faba) Assessed at Field Scale. Field Crops Research, 149, 269-275.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fcr.2013.05.019

[16]   Musallam, I.W., Haddad, N.J., Tawaha, A.M. and Migdadi, O.S. (2004) The Importance of Beepollination in Four Genotypes of Faba Bean (Vicia faba L.). International Journal of Agriculture and Biology, 6, 9-11.

[17]   Gasim, S., Abdelmula, A. and Khalifa, J. (2011) Analysis of the Degree of Cross-Fertilization and Autofertility and Their Impact on Breeding Faba Bean (Vicia faba L.) Cultivars. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 6, 6387-6390.

[18]   Utz, H.F. (1997) Computer Program for Statistical Analysis for Plant Breeding Experiments. Version 2N, Institute of Plant Breeding, Seed Science and Population Genetics, University of Hohenheim, Hohenheim.

[19]   Aouar-Sadli, M., Louadi, K. and Doumandji, S.E. (2008) Pollination of the Broad Bean (Vicia faba L. var. Major) (Fabaceae) by Wild Bees and Honey Bees (Hymenoptera: Apoidea) and Its Impact on the Seed Production in the Tizi-Ouzou Area (Algeria). African Journal of Agricultural Research, 3, 266-272.

[20]   Nadal, S., Suso, M.J. and Moreno, M.T. (2003) Management of Vicia faba Genetic Resources: Changes Associated to the Selfing Process in the Major, Equina and Minor Groups. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution, 50, 183-192.
https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1022944017530

[21]   Gasim, S. and Link, W. (2007) Agronomic Performance and the Effect of Self-Fertilization on German Winter Beans. Journal of Central European Agriculture, 8, 121-127.

[22]   Poulsen, M.H. (1975) Pollination, Seed Setting, Cross-Fertilization and Inbreeding in Vicia faba L. Zeitschrift für Pflanzenzüchtung, 74, 97-118.

[23]   Suso, M.J., Moreno, M.T., Mondragao-Rodrigues, F. and Cubero, J.J. (1996) Reproductive Biology of Vicia faba: Role of Pollination Conditions. Field Crop Research, 46, 81-91.
https://doi.org/10.1016/0378-4290(95)00089-5

[24]   Algiaamdi, A. and Algamdi, S. (2003) The Impact of Insect Pollination on Yield and Yield Componenets of Faba Bean (Vicica faba L.). Saudi Journal of Biological Science, 10, 56-63.

[25]   Garratt, M.P.D., Coston, D.J., Truslove, C.L., Lappage, M.G., Dean, R., Biesmeijer, J.C. and Potts, S.G. (2014) The Identity of Crop Pollinators Help Target Conservation for Improved Ecosystems Services. Biological Conservation, 169, 128-135.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2013.11.001

[26]   Bishop, J., Jones, H.E., Lukac, M. and Potts, S.G. (2016) Insect Pollination Reduces Yield Loss Following Heat Stress in Faba Bean (Vicia faba L.). Agriculture, Ecosystem and Environment, 220, 89-96.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2015.12.007

[27]   Free, J.B. (1993) Insect Pollination of Crops. Academic Press, London, 684 p.

[28]   Bond, D.A. and Kirby, E.J.M. (2001) Pollination of Autumn-Sown Broad Bean (Vicia faba var. major) by the Solitary Bee (Anthophora plumipes). Grain Legume, 32, 8-9.

 
 
Top