Health  Vol.10 No.6 , June 2018
Epidemiological Pattern of Injuries Resulting from Road Traffic Accidents in Khartoum, Sudan
Abstract: Background: Traffic accidents are increasingly becoming a threat to public health and national development in many developing countries. Sudan isn’t an exception, the number of vehicles is rapidly increasing while the road’s widths remain as same as before, so many accidents took place, and serious losses and damages to both human beings and vehicles may occur. This study was aimed at identifying the epidemiological pattern of injuries and determinants that contribute to road traffic accidents (RTA) in Khartoum Teaching Hospital Sudan. Methodology: Hospital based descriptive study was conducted in Khartoum Teaching Hospital. 150 road traffic victims who attended the emergency room or were admitted to the hospital from February-May 2012 and fulfilled the inclusion criteria were included in the study. A pre-test standardized administered questionnaire was used for data collection. Results: Males were more affected (85%); laborers were the highest among the victims (43%). Sixty three of RTA causes were related to the drivers. Conclusion: Urgent intervention is needed through the involvement of many sectors and specialties. There is an urgent need to setup a database to collect, store and analyze information related to road traffic accidents. This will help the authorities to plan strategically for appropriate interventions across the country.
Keywords: Road, Traffic, Accidents
Cite this paper: Degais, W. , Awooda, H. , Elnimeiri, M. and Kaddam, L. (2018) Epidemiological Pattern of Injuries Resulting from Road Traffic Accidents in Khartoum, Sudan. Health, 10, 816-822. doi: 10.4236/health.2018.106061.

[1]   Ameratunga, S., Hijar, M., Norton, R., Finch, C.F., Ameratunga, S., Hijar, M., et al. (2006) Road-Traffic Injuries: Confronting Disparities to Address a Global-Health Problem. Lancet, 367, 1533-1540.

[2]   Jha, N., Srinivasa, D.K., Roy, G. and Jagdish, S. (2004) Epidemiological Study of Road Traffic Accident Cases: A Study from South India. Indian Journal of Community Medicine, 28, 85-90.

[3]   Ganveer, G.B. and Tiwari, R.R. (2005) Injury Pattern among Non-Fatal Road Traffic Accident Cases: A Cross-Sectional Study in Central India. Indian Journal of Medical Sciences, 59, 9-12.

[4]   Kumar, G.A., Dilip, T.R., Dandona, L. and Dandona, R. (2012) Burden of Out-of-Pocket Expenditure for Road Traffic Injuries in Urban India. BMC Health Services Research, 12, 285.

[5]   Nabi, H., Consoli, S.M., Chastang, J.F., Chiron, M., Lafont, S. and Lagarde, E. (2005) Type A Behavior Pattern, Risky Driving Behaviors, and Serious Road Traffic Accidents: A Prospective Study of the GAZEL Cohort. American Journal of Epidemiology, 161, 864-870.

[6]   World Health Rankings [Internet] (2018).

[7]   Peden, M. (2004) World Report on Road Traffic Injury Prevention. World Health Organization, Geneva.

[8]   Singh, A., Bhardaj, A., Pathak, R. and Ahluwalia, S. (2011) An Epidemiological Study of Road Traffic Accident Cases Admitted in a Tertiary Care Hospital. Indian Journal of Community Health, 23, 53-55.

[9]   Farooqui, J.M., Chavan, K.D., Bangal, R.S., Syed, M.M.A., Thacker, P.J., Alam, S., et al. (2013) Pattern of Injury in Fatal Road Traffic Accidents in a Rural Area of Western Maharashtra, India. Australasian Medical Journal, 6, 476-482.

[10]   Rameshkrishnan, N., Sathyakumar, A., Balakumar, S., Hassan, A.M., Rajaraman, R. and Padmanaban, J. (2013) The New In-Depth, At-the-Scene, Accident Investigation Database in India. IRCOBI Conference on the Biomechanics of Impact, 12 September 2013.

[11]   Jha, N. (2005) Road Traffic Injuries: An Emerging Problem in Nepal. Journal of Nepal Medical Association, 44, 156-159.

[12]   Chalya, P.L., Mabula, J.B., Dass, R.M., Mbelenge, N., Ngayomela, I.H., Chandika, A.B., et al. (2012) Injury Characteristics and Outcome of Road Traffic Crash Victims at Bugando Medical Centre in Northwestern Tanzania. Journal of Trauma Management & Outcomes, 6, 1.

[13]   Mishra, B., Sinha Mishra, N.D., Sukhla, S. and Sinha, A. (2010) Epidemiological Study of Road Traffic Accident Cases from Western Nepal. Indian Journal of Community Medicine, 35, 115-121.

[14]   Joly, M.F., Foggin, P.M. and Barry Pless, I. (1991) Geographical and Socio-Ecological Variations of Traffic Accidents among Children. Social Science & Medicine, 33, 765-769.

[15]   Peymani, P., Heydari, S.T., Hoseinzadeh, A., Sarikhani, Y., Hedjazi, A., Zarenezhad, M., et al. (2012) Epidemiological Characteristics of Fatal Pedestrian Accidents in Fars Province of Iran: A Community-Based Survey. Chinese Journal of Traumatology (English Edition), 15, 222-227.